Are Hawthorn Berries Poisonous Herbal – , hawthorn fossils found in the 1990s date to the middle of the Miocene epoch, 15 million years ago. The geological survey that discovered these fossils found them in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
The most popular variety of hawthorn comes from the Central Asian and European group, which includes about 100 species. It often grows as a single-stemmed tree with flowers that emit a rather unpleasant aroma. The berries it contains are commonly used to prepare a variety of herbal concoctions. They are also considered a nutritious food source.
Are Hawthorn Berries Poisonous Herbal
Hawthorn fruits are characterized by an oblong, pear-shaped or rounded shape. The berries are usually the same size as a large cultivated blueberry. Depending on the specific species, the colors of the berries can vary from red, orange-yellow, blue, black or yellow. Its pulp is very similar to rose hips – dry and floury.
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Although hawthorn berries are not directly classified as poisonous, there are some cases where they can cause certain side effects when consumed. Fruit seeds in
Families are known for containing the compound amygdalin, which is basically a cyanide bound to a sugar. When ingested, this combination can be converted to hydrogen cyanide when it enters the small intestine.
The lowest lethal dose of hydrogen cyanide for humans was 0.54 mg/kg of body weight. The average absorbed dose at the time of death was estimated to be 1/4 mg of hydrogen cyanide per kg of body weight.
This means that if you weigh 70 kg, your minimum lethal dose would be 37.8 mg or about 54 grams of crushed apple pits (must be crushed to allow the amygdalin to come into contact with the enzymes). This means that you should avoid eating 66 crushed apple seeds. I’d say it’s pretty easy to do.
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Like apples, when eating hawthorn berries, it is best to spit out the seeds. An adult who accidentally eats a few pieces of its seeds shouldn’t have any problems. However, adverse effects are likely to be more pronounced for children.
The flesh of the fruit itself is not poisonous. However, there have been cases where people have reported an unpleasant aftertaste.
Around spring, most people harvest the leaves before they change color and use them for salads. The same can be done with its flower petals. Berries, as a rule, taste much better after freezing, but they can also be used before freezing.
Berries can be used to make jelly and jam. They are also added to baked goods. Berries, flowers and leaves are used to make tea; Many people use hawthorn tea when cooking couscous, quinoa or rice.
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There are a number of medicinal benefits that can be obtained from the use of hawthorn berries. This is why its supplement forms are used to treat a variety of ailments.
In particular, hawthorn supplements are used to treat conditions related to the heart and circulatory system. However, these supplements may not be as effective in the treatment of severe forms of concomitant diseases.
Berries in the form of tea can be useful for lowering and regulating blood pressure. The naturally high pectin content makes them ideal for making jelly. Although the berries do not have a particularly pleasant flavor when eaten whole, they are often mixed with a variety of other fruits when making wine or pies. By Ariane Lang, BA, MBA and SaVanna Shoemaker, MS, RDN, LD — Medical Review by Kathy W. Warwick, R.D., CDE, Nutrition — Updated December 13, 2021
These nutrient-rich berries have a tart, tangy flavor and a slight sweetness. They have a color from yellow to dark red (
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For hundreds of years, people have used hawthorn berries as an herbal remedy for digestive problems, heart problems, and high blood pressure. In fact, the berry has been a key part of traditional Chinese medicine since at least AD 659 (
Antioxidants help neutralize unstable molecules called free radicals, which can harm your body if present in high levels.
Free radicals can come from certain foods. You may also have higher levels of them as a result of exposure to environmental toxins such as air pollution and cigarette smoke (
Polyphenols are associated with numerous health benefits due to their antioxidant activity, including reduced risk (
Hawthorn (crataegus Monogyna)
Although initial animal and cell studies are promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effects of hawthorn berries on disease risk.
Summary Hawthorn berries contain plant polyphenols that have antioxidant properties that have been linked to numerous health benefits.
Studies have shown that chronic inflammation is linked to many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, asthma, and some cancers (
In a study in mice with liver disease, hawthorn berry extract significantly reduced levels of inflammatory compounds, leading to reduced inflammation and liver damage (
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In one study, researchers gave vitexin, a compound found in hawthorn leaves, to mice with respiratory disease. This treatment reduced the production of molecules that cause inflammation and reduced the response of white blood cells to inflammation (
These promising results from animal and test-tube studies suggest that this supplement may have anti-inflammatory benefits in humans. However, more research is needed.
Summary Hawthorn berry extract has demonstrated anti-inflammatory potential in test-tube and animal studies. However, human studies are necessary.
In traditional Chinese medicine, hawthorn berries are one of the most recommended foods for treating high blood pressure (
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Animal studies show that hawthorn can act as a vasodilator, meaning it can relax narrowed blood vessels, ultimately lowering blood pressure (
A 10-week study looked at the effects of hawthorn extract in 36 people with mildly elevated blood pressure.
Researchers found that those who took 500 mg of the extract daily had lower diastolic blood pressure—the bottom number of blood pressure (
In a 2006 study, researchers gave 1,200 mg of hawthorn extract to 79 people with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure every day for 16 weeks. People who took the extract experienced greater improvements in blood pressure than those in the placebo group (
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However, more studies are needed to confirm these findings. It is also important to note that consuming the extract is not the same as consuming the berries.
Summary Some studies show that hawthorn berries can lower blood pressure by helping to dilate blood vessels. However, further research is needed.
Some studies show that hawthorn extract may raise blood cholesterol levels due to its flavonoid and pectin content. Pectin is a type of fiber involved in cholesterol metabolism (
Imbalanced cholesterol levels in the blood, especially high triglycerides and low HDL (good) cholesterol, play an important role in atherosclerosis, or the buildup of plaque in your blood vessels (
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If plaque continues to build up, it can completely block a blood vessel, leading to a heart attack or stroke.
In one animal study, mice given two doses of hawthorn extract had lower total and LDL (bad) cholesterol and 28–47% lower liver triglycerides compared to mice that did not receive the extract (
Similarly, a 6-week study in rats showed that when rats were fed hawthorn berry supplements, their fasting triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol were significantly reduced (
Finally, a 6-month study in 64 people with atherosclerosis found that taking hawthorn extract at a dose of 2.3 mg per pound (5 mg per kg) of body weight significantly reduced the thickness of harmful plaque buildup in the carotid artery (
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Although this research is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effects of hawthorn extract on blood cholesterol levels.
Summary Animal and human studies show that taking hawthorn extract can help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. However, more human studies are needed.
People have used hawthorn berries and extract for centuries to treat digestive problems, including indigestion and stomach pain (
Berries contain fiber, which has been shown to aid digestion by reducing constipation and acting as a prebiotic. Prebiotics are foods that feed and promote healthy gut bacteria, vital to maintaining healthy digestion (
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One observational study in people with indigestion found that each additional gram of dietary fiber people consumed was associated with a 30-minute reduction in the time between bowel movements (
In addition, a study in rats showed that hawthorn extract dramatically reduced the transit time of food through the digestive system (
In addition, studies in rodents show that compounds in hawthorn berries can increase the production and activity of digestive enzymes, specifically those needed to digest fatty and protein-rich foods (
Summary People have used hawthorn berries as a digestive aid for centuries. It can help relieve constipation and boost the production of enzymes needed to digest fatty and protein foods.
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Hawthorn berries can help prevent premature skin aging caused by collagen degradation due to excessive sun or UV exposure.
One test-tube study found that a mixture of hawthorn extract and ginseng may prevent signs of aging by preventing wrinkles and increasing skin moisture (
Research suggests that this effect may be related to the antioxidant content of hawthorn berries. However, research in this area is limited and human studies are needed.
Summary Some studies show that