Clara Indian Hawthorn Berries

Clara Indian Hawthorn Berries – Landscape Use: In Phoenix, Indian hawthorn is a useful shrub for many types of mesic and oasis design themes, such as floral accents, foundation plantings, border shrubs, small informal hedges, tree standards (often found in Southern California landscapes), and bonsai. .

Growth Habit: An evergreen woody perennial shrub with a medium to slow growth habit ranging from 2 to 8 feet tall depending on cultivar.

Clara Indian Hawthorn Berries

Foliage/Texture: leathery green, new growth usually red, long lanceolate to 2 to 3 inches long, sometimes purplish, ovate to sometimes crenate margins; Medium design.

Indian Hawthorn Varieties

Flowers and Fruit: Flowers borne in many 1- to 2-inch terminal panicle clusters, individual flowers small, white, pink to wine red in color; The fruit is a small black drupe borne in summer and fall.

Light: Full sun to partial shade, but not full shade or hot blazing western exposures, eastern exposures do best for Phoenix.

Disease and Pests: Aphids, firelight, and bacterial leaf spot during periods of moist cool weather (occurring in Phoenix so far).

Additional Comments: Indian hawthorn is an excellent and serviceable landscape shrub that is widely used throughout the southern United States. There are many elegant cultivars for different forms (upright to prostrate) and flower colors (white to wine red). Some of the older, more reliable breeds include:

Plants For Dallas

More Raphiolepis: Recently, wholesale nurseries such as Monrovia Nursery have been promoting and selling Phoenix Raphiolepis umbellata ‘Minor’ (compact habit) through retail outlets. Although phoenixes are not commonly seen growing in landscapes, I suspect that phoenixes need full protection from the western sun to survive the summer. Indian hawthorn is an evergreen tree-like shrub that grows up to 12 feet tall and has a procumbent growth form.

T is cold tolerant. This plant prefers full sun, tolerates salt and shade, and is moderately drought-tolerant. Deer love this shrub so browsing can be quite heavy.

Options. The fruits are also ornamental and last through winter; They are usually conspicuous by size and clustering but may be difficult to see in leaves. In the industry trade, most bear this name and cultivars referred to with this species name are R. X

It is commonly used in coastal plains, as a specimen plant, in mass plantings, foundation plantings, as screens, in planters, in vacant lots and as a hedge. I

Rhaphiolepis Umbellata Stock Image. Image Of Blooming

Pests, diseases and other plant problems: It has pest and disease problems and is often damaged by deer. Fungal diseases thrive in shaded, moist southern locations. It is resistant to Phytophthora root rot and some cultivars are resistant to Entomosporium leaf spot – the latter is highly recommended for planting.

Andy Pulte created a plant identification course offered by the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Tennessee for “Landscape Plant Identification, Taxonomy, and Morphology.”

#fragrance #evergreen #full sun tolerant #scented flowers #drought tolerant #specimen #shrub #wildlife plant #shade garden #winter interest #showy fruit #hedges #stream banks #fast growing #deer browsing plant #ornamentals #kids garden #foundation planting #playgroundplant#blueberry#screening#pollinator plant#blackberry#fancy#nectarplantspring#birdfriendly#containerplant#landscape plant sleuths courseRhaphiolepis ( /ˌ ræ f iˈ ɒlɪp Ɍr / or /ˌ fioʊ ˈlɛpɪs / ;

) are about five species of evergreen shrubs and small trees in the family Rosaceae, native to warm temperate and subtropical East Asia and Southeast Asia, south to Japan, South Korea and southern China, south to Thailand and Vietnam. When searching the literature, it is best to remember that the name is often misspelled as “raphiolepsis”. Gus is closely related to Eriobotria (Loquats), in fact, members of the two genera have hybridized with each other; For example “Coppertone Loquat” is a hybrid of Eriobotrya deflexa x Raphiolepis indica. The common name hawthorn, originally applied specifically to the related Gus crataegus, is now found in common names for some Raphilepis species. For example, Raphiolepis indica is called “Indian hawthorn”, and Raphiolepis umbelata, “Yeddo hawthorn”.

India Hawthorn Shrub Photos

Species vary in size, with some reaching only 1–1.5 m (3 ft 3 in–4 ft 11 in), while R. ferruginea can reach 10 m (33 ft). Leaves are alternate, leathery, glossy dark gray, simple, 3–9 cm (1–3+ 1 ⁄2 in) long, with a serrated or serrate margin. Flowers are white or pink.

Produced in small to large corymbs, 1–2 cm (1 ⁄2 –3 ⁄4  in) diameter, with panicle formation. The fruit is a small pome

1–2 cm (1 ⁄2–3 ⁄4 in) diameter, dark purple to black, usually single-seeded.

Raphiolepis is closely related to the loquats and toyons and is in the apple subfamily with many commercially important fruits such as pears. Rect phylogenetic research suggested a merger of Raphiolepis and Eriobotria (loquats).

National Plant Network 2.5 Qt. Indian Hawthorn Snow White Flowering Shrub With White Blooms Hd7185

The most well-known species is Raffiolepis indica (Indian hawthorn) from southern China, grown for its ornamental pink flowers and popular in bonsai culture. Raffiolepis umbellata (Yeddo hawthorn) of Japan and Korea has blunt leaves and white flowers. It is a very hardy species, tolerating temperatures down to about -15 °C (5 °F).

The fruit of some varieties is edible when cooked and can be used to make jam, but some ornamental varieties have no culinary value.

Indian hawthorn is an important horticultural specimen in the southern United States. It is commonly found in commercial and private landscapes. Often it is trimmed into small compact hedges or balls for foundation plants. It has been successfully cut into standard form along with small dwarf trees up to 4.5 m (15 ft) tall.

The use of Raffiolepis in wetland landscapes is limited by the disfiguring leaf spot disease caused by the fungus Gus tomosporium in many of its species and hybrids. species and hybrids) are mostly low-growing, evergreen, flowering shrubs. With a dense mounding growth habit, they are low-maintenance plants suitable for use in small gardens and foundation plantings.

Clara Indian Hawthorn Rhaphiolepis Indica India Hawthorn

Most cultivars grow uniformly 3 to 6 feet tall and wide. Some are large shrubs that can be trained to form a small tree.

Indian hawthorns are grown for their attractive neat, mounded form and clusters of flowers. The fragrant, pink or white crab-like flowers open in clusters above the leaves from April to mid-May. Blue-black berries appear in late summer and persist throughout winter. The leathery, dark evergreen leaves are rounded, about 2 to 3 inches long, turning purple in winter.

Compact cultivars of Indian hawthorn are ideal for use as foundation shrubs, while larger cultivars can be used for hedges, mass planting or screening.

Indian hawthorns are sensitive to cold damage and should be located in protected areas if grown in upper South Carolina.

Drought Resistant Evergreen Flowering Shrubs: Indian Hawthorns

The plants prefer sun, although they will grow in partial shade. Indian hawthorn prefers moist, well-drained soil, but established shrubs are drought tolerant. It tolerates salt spray and sandy soils and is a good choice for coastal areas.

, the most common disease of Indian hawthorn. It is more harmful during the later periods of frequent rains in spring and autumn.

The first symptoms are small, round, red spots on both the upper and lower sides of young leaves.

These enlarge and merge on more diseased leaves, forming large, irregular spots. Severe infections can cause early leaf drop.

Indian Hawthorn Berries Information And Facts

Slow the spread of disease by spacing plants properly to improve air movement. Water shrubs with drip irrigation rather than overhead sprinklers. If sprinklers are used, water only established plants once a week as needed during the growing season and apply one inch of irrigation water each time. Collect and discard diseased leaves that have fallen in winter, then mulch the bushes.

Diseased bushes can be sprayed with Daconil (Chlorothalonil) when new leaves first appear in spring to early June. Spray every ten days in rainy spring weather or every two weeks in dry spring weather. Additional sprays may be needed in the fall. Follow label directions for dosage and safety. See Table 1 for examples of brands and specific products.

Winter injury is more common and quite severe in the winter of 2014-2015, where many Indian hawthorns in South Carolina.

Severe defoliation may occur in summer after heavy infection with Entomosporium leaf spot in Indian hawthorn (

File:yeddo Hawthorne Rhaphiolepis Umbellata.jpg

Killed Plants weakened by stress from inadequate fertilization and irrigation, exposure to lawn herbicides, and foliar disease are more susceptible to damage from cold weather. Test the soil in landscape beds for proper fertilization.

This same disease also affects red tip photinia and pears (such as Bradford pear), but can also be found on pyracantha, quince and loquat. For this reason, red tip photinia is rarely still found for sale.

The best way to prevent leaf spot in Indian hawthorn is to plant selected resistant cultivars (see below), grow them in full sun and use drip irrigation.

This information is provided with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended to exclude products or manufacturers. All recommendations may not apply to South Carolina conditions and other areas. Use pesticides only according to directions on the label. All recommendations for pesticide use

India Hawthorn Photos