Cockspur Hawthorn Tree Berries – , or Hawthorn, is a multispecies and cultivar genus that grows in low swamp and river bottoms and high mountain ridges throughout North Carolina.
, or Cockspur Hawthorn, is a deciduous tree or shrub known for being very dense and providing robust shade. It is native to North Carolina as well as other places in North America. The tree grows to a medium size of about 20 to 30 feet tall with a 9 inch trunk and produces both flowers and small red berry fruits. Both can add a beautiful pop of color to a garden. It grows well in average moist, well-drained soil in full sun but will tolerate a variety of soils with good drainage, light shade and some drought.
Cockspur Hawthorn Tree Berries
The tree produces white flowers in May that form red berries that are not much appreciated by birds. In autumn, the leaves turn a bright red for a great pop of color. These flowers also produce an unpleasant aroma. This tree is also known for producing large 4-inch thorns. Some cultivars such as ‘Cruzam’ (also known to a lesser extent as var. inermis meaning ‘without thorns’) do not produce these thorns. The plant is very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to old wood and sprout freely. It is often used as a hedge.
Crataegus Crus Galli (cockspur Hawthorn, Cockspur Thorn, Dwarf Hawthorn, Hawthorn, Hog Apple, Newcastle Hawthorn)
Susceptible to cedar hawthorn and cedar quince rust and fire blight, fungal leaf spot, powdery mildew, canker, apple scab, leaf rot and twig rot. Potential insect pests include aphids, borers, caterpillars, ornamental bugs, leaf miners and scales. Red spider mites can also occur. Thorns can pose a danger to children.
#thorns#showy flowers#deciduous#small tree#shade tree#full sun#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#rose#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#moth #spring flowers#winter interest#fall interest#flowering tree#showy fruit #fire flame retardant#NC native# Stinger#Pollinator Plant#Low Branches#Braham Arboretum#Nest Sites#Larval Host Plant#Clay Soil Tolerant#Bird Friendly#Nectar Plant Late Spring#Butterfly Friendly#Nectar Plant Mid Spring#Nontoxic to Horses#Nontoxic to Dogs#Nontoxic to Cats#Redspotted Purple Butterfly#Grey Streaked Butterfly#Viceroy ButterflyCrataegus crus- galli is a species of hawthorn known by the common names hawthorn and crowspur. It is native to eastern North America from Ontario to Texas to Florida and is widely used in horticulture. This is a small tree, growing to about 10 meters tall and 8 meters wide, rounded in shape when young and spreading and flattening as it matures. The leaves are 5 to 6 centimeters long, glossy dark green…
This is a large shrub or small tree up to 25 feet tall, usually with a single trunk and flat crown. The crown has plenty of twigs and spreading branches. The short trunk is up to ¾’ across; its bark is grey, rough and scaly. There are usually branched thorns up to 4″ long on the trunk. The bark of the twigs is grey, slightly rough and thorny. The twigs are yellowish brown, reddish brown or grey; they are also bare and dotted with small white lenticels. Young shoots are light green, terete, glabrous, and dotted white by small lenticels.Both the branches and young shoots produce unbranched spines up to 4″ long that are either straight or slightly curved. Changeable leaves appear along the branches and shoots. Individual leaves are 1¼-3″ long and about a third as wide; they are oblanceolate or broadly elliptic (usually the former) and finely serrate on their outer margins. The leaf base is narrowly cuneate, while their tips are usually rounded to nearly truncated The leathery leaves are pale green to dark green above (darkening with age) and pale green with reticulate veining below; both upper and lower surfaces are glabrous. Petioles are up to ½” long, light green, and glabrous. Clusters (flat-topped panicles) of flowers about 2-3 inches in diameter are formed from some leaf axils. The branched stalk and stalks of the umbels are light green and glabrous. Each flower is up to ½ inch across and consists of 5 white, spreading petals, a short green calyx with 5 teeth, 10 stamens (rarely up to 20) with either pale yellow or pink anthers, and a 2-3-style pistil. The calyx is glabrous and its teeth are linear-lanceolate with smooth edges. The flowering period lasts from late spring to early summer and lasts around 7-10 days. The flowers have an unpleasant smell. Fertile flowers are replaced by globoidal nuclei, up to ½ inch in diameter, that turn red at maturity. Each core contains 1-3 seeds; its flesh is somewhat dry and bitter. The cores often persist into winter. The deciduous leaves turn red or yellow during autumn.
You can copy this taxon into another manual. If you are one of the publishers of this guide, it should copy everything, but if you are not, it will only copy the licensed content.
Alys Fowler: The Best Trees For A Small Garden
Member of the network | Powered by open source software | Documentation for DevelopersTree of the Week Washington Hawthorn: A Symbol of Hope By James R. Fazio | August 29, 2017
Native to the southeastern United States, the Washington hawthorn was first discovered by an unknown explorer and brought to England in the late 17th century. It was grown commercially in Georgetown and became popular in Washington D.C., its namesake. The Washington hawthorn was originally a shrub but grew in popularity in its tree form. In natural settings, the Washington hawthorn grows in a wild and unkempt pattern.
In 1899, 17 hawthorn species were known in the United States. A decade later that number grew to 1,100 and by 1979 to match that of the Forest Service
Reduced them to 35 species and 46 hybrids. Some of the confusion comes from identification problems that terrify even the most astute botanist.
Hawthorn Tree Care
The Hawthorn Group occupies a place in history rich in emotion. For some in France, the hawthorn was a symbol of hope. Norman peasants wore branches in their hats as a reminder of Christ’s crown of thorns. Others considered the tree unlucky. So much so that when it bloomed, a month of abstinence and devotion was the norm. However, some brides saw beauty in the flowers and are said to have used them in bridal jewelry since Roman times. In Ireland, it was believed that fairies found suitable rendezvous spots in hawthorn hedges and privacy screens. American legend Paul Bunyan also found practical uses for the thorny tree. He used his branches as back scratchers.
Hawthorn is generally a heavy, fine-grained wood that makes it excellent as firewood. A survivor in urban conditions, Washington hawthorn is one of the most versatile and valuable hawthorns for landscape use. It was intentionally planted outside of building windows to reduce crime, as offenders are less likely to climb trees covered with thorns.
The common name for the species comes from the city of Washington, where it was grown in a nursery in the late 1700s. The “thorn” in its name represents its prominent thorns, and “haw” is an Old English name for hedge.
Means “to have the appearance of a pear”. But did that refer to the shape of the crown, a stylized image of the leaf outline, or the resemblance of flowers? It was probably the latter, but it’s a guess.
Image Cockspur Hawthorn (crataegus Crus Galli)
The Washington hawthorn is a small, colorful tree that brightens up any landscape. Its pleasing display begins with reddish-purple leaves in spring, which then turn dark green when accompanied by a graceful display of white flowers. In the fall, the leaves turn orange, scarlet, or purple. Red berries extend the colorful show into winter and often create a nice contrast to the first winter snow.
In addition to its beauty, it also fulfills an important function in nature. Some of the songbirds rely on the berries of the tree in late season as a winter food source. It reaches up to 30 feet at maturity and has a slight drought resistance (hardiness zones 4-8). Be careful, the tree is also susceptible to fire blight, which can be severe in some parts of the country.
James has a strong background and knowledge in forestry and arboriculture and has worked in various forestry jobs for the US Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the Arbor Day Foundation and as a professor at the University of Idaho.Hawthorn Berries (Hawberries) and Mayhaw ( Crataegus). There are many different hawthorns in North America. There are hundreds of them worldwide. Many of the hawthorns you find here are naturalized hawthorns that come from other parts of the world. Hawthorns are from the same family as apples and roses, so it’s no great surprise that the easiest way to describe a hawthorn in general is that it looks like a smaller apple tree with large thorns and fruits that resemble rose hips or crab apples look. Be careful, the larger of the woody thorns can be very dangerous – they are hard, sharp and strong, and they easily penetrate flesh. There is also a serious danger from the fruits of this tree – THE SEEDS ARE VERY TOXIC. Never eat a seed – you have to take that seriously.
Hawthorn has long been used medicinally for heart disease. It is now believed that Hawthorn may act as a beta blocker, similar to prescription beta blocker drugs. For this reason you should
Franklin & Marshall
Hawthorn tree berries, hawthorn tree berries edible, cockspur hawthorn tree, thornless cockspur hawthorn tree, hawthorn tree berries poisonous, nature's way hawthorn berries, swanson hawthorn berries, washington hawthorn tree berries poisonous, thornless cockspur hawthorn, hawthorn tree red berries, cockspur hawthorn, hawthorn berries