Hawthorn Berries University Of Maryland Alternative Medicine – The hawthorn (cultivar ‘Winter King’) bears red fruit in autumn. Photo: M. Talabac, University of Maryland
Sun/Shade: The native species grows in part shade to full shade; The ‘Winter King’ cultivar grows in partial shade to full sun
Hawthorn Berries University Of Maryland Alternative Medicine
Garden uses: Green hawthorn, also known as southern hawthorn ( Crataegus viridis ), is native to the Southeastern United States, including the Maryland Coastal Range. Its natural habitat includes lowlands, valleys, and swamps, with moderately wet soils and full to partial shade.
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The cultivated variety, Crataegus viridis ‘Winter King,’ tolerates full sun and is very adaptable to a variety of soil conditions including those that are compact and sometimes dry. It is tolerant of air pollution and is a good choice for urban areas. ‘Winter King’ has small and inconspicuous thorns, unlike the upright species which can have thorns up to 1.5 inches long.
Hawthorns offer many exciting seasons: showy white flowers in spring, attractive scarlet-red foliage in fall, and small fruits that turn orange-red in fall and may persist on the tree. until the winter. The berries are edible but not considered high quality for human consumption. On mature trees, pieces of the outer gray bark are shed to reveal the inner orange bark.
Wildlife: Hawthorn flowers provide nectar for bees and adult butterflies. A variety of songbirds and small mammals eat the fruit.
Dirr, Michael. 1998. Handbook of Forest Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Properties, Culture, Propagation and Uses, Fifth Edition.
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Slattery, Britt E., et. al. 2005. Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Landscape Conservation, US Fish & Wildlife, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, Annapolis, MD. 82 pp. Hawthorn berries, also known as Thorn Apples, grow on small trees and are prized for their health benefits.
Black trees are native to many places around the country and are often seen growing along fence lines and on the edge of woodland areas.
The reddish-orange berry appears on the trees in late spring and attracts a wide range of wildlife.
Those who practice holistic medicine have used many parts of the thorn tree, including berries, for centuries.
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Not only do the berries provide health benefits, but so do the flowers, leaves, stems and bark, and their healing properties directly and indirectly promote heart health.
All parts of the thorn were used in ancient Asia and Greece and it is one of the oldest plants recorded in medicine.
Medical records dating back to the late 1,400s have been found describing the use and results of hawthorn berries.
It was in the late 1,400s that the berries, known as ‘haws’ were discovered to promote heart health and began to be used specifically for heart treatment.
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The results of the treatment were amazing and most people suffering from heart disease were cured by using hawthorn berries.
One unsuspecting French physician named Henri Leclerc discovered the miraculous results black berries had on his patients and decided to keep the discovery a secret.
He broke the code of ethics by not revealing the secret of his successful treatment to his fellow doctors.
For many years Dr. Leclerc was the only mainstream physician using hawthorn berries as a standard treatment for heart patients.
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His reputation for curing heart disease spread throughout the country and patients came to him from all over Europe.
Dr. Leclerc amassed great public fame and fortune, however, patients in other parts of the world suffered and died needlessly because the good doctor refused to reveal his secret to his colleagues. jobs.
Physicians throughout Europe and the United States began to treat heart disease successfully with thorn berries and the survival rate of patients was greatly increased.
Hawthorn is rich in several heart-healthy ingredients, including flavonoids, which are naturally occurring plant pigments that reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
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The berries, leaves, flowers, stems and bark of the black tree contain several other macronutrients and phytonutrients.
ACE is associated with the formation of angiotensin II, a substance that has a strong astringent effect on the blood vessels, causing them to constrict and raise blood pressure.
The effect is increased blood flow in the arteries and circulation is improved to the legs and arms.
Recent studies and trials have been conducted on the usefulness of hawthorn extract in the treatment of heart disease.
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The results of some of these trials have shown that study participants who took 900mgs of black pepper per day over two months had reduced symptoms of congestive heart failure.
Study participants who were in the early stages of cardiovascular disease showed better heart function, more physical endurance and more oxygen to the heart muscle.
ECGs on study participants showed increased blood flow and oxygen to the heart after ingesting kidney tissue for a few weeks.
An increase in blood flow and oxygen directly to the heart muscle is a direct benefit provided by blackberry extract.
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There are several indirect benefits that also improve heart function and improve other parts of the body and quality of life.
Water retention (edema) is a major concern for patients struggling with heart failure, but edema can occur in the body for other reasons.
Keeping kidneys healthy is another heart benefit that blueberries provide. Damaged or diseased kidneys release too much of a protein enzyme called renin.
However, too much renin in the blood can cause heart attack, stroke, coronary artery disease, or congestive heart failure.
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A rapid heart rate and high blood pressure are physical responses to anxiety (or a panic attack), both of which increase the risk of a heart attack, especially in people who already have a heart condition.
Teas, jams, jellies and other edibles are made from fruits and flowers and offer heart-healthy benefits, as well as a delicious taste.
Most people don’t have access to a thorn tree so they can’t pick new berries, and even if they could the giant thorns that protect the berries are scary.
Hawthorn supplements are usually used in combination with one or two other supplements to get the most heart benefits.
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When combined with ginkgo, kidney berry fruit improves blood circulation throughout the body and to the heart muscle.
Angina and slow blood circulation are often treated with a combination of blackcurrant, garlic extract and arnica.
Herbal tea made from the dried flowers and/or leaves of the thorn tree reduces stress, calms nerves and promotes better sleep.
The recommended daily dose of kidney extract is between 160 and 900 mgs per day. The supplement comes in the form of capsules, tea leaves or liquid.
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A few drops of the liquid in a glass of water will do your heart good, and will add flavor to an otherwise stale glass of water.
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Hawthorn, also known as the English hawthorn, is a member of the genus Crataegus, which makes this shrub-like perennial a cousin to the common rose. Hawthorn produces white flowers in May, which have earned the plant the additional nicknames May tree and May blossom. After flowering, the plant produces berries called “haws” that look like small apples. The writings of Gerard, Culpeper and other medieval European herbalists and physicians mentioned hawthorn berries as a diuretic and recommended them to treat kidney and bladder stones. Today, hawthorn preparations are used to treat congestive heart failure and other coronary disorders, such as angina.
The “Physician’s Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines” lists several active flavonoid compounds in hawthorn leaves, flowers and fruits, especially the glycosides hyperoside and rutin, which are present in concentrations of 0.28 and 0.17 percent, respectively . The University of Maryland Medical Center says the plant contains oligomeric procyandins, which are strong antioxidants also found in grapes. Because the leaves and flowers are thought of