Hawthorn Berries Wiki

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English: An example of common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) on Church Road, Trimingham Parish, Norfolk, United Kingdom.

Hawthorn Berries Wiki

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This file contains additional information, such as Exif metadata, that may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software used to create or digitize it. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the time stamp may not fully reflect the original file. The time stamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera and can be completely wrong. Crataegus mexicana is a species of hawthorn known by the common names tejocote, manzanita, tejocotera, and Mexican hawthorn. It is native to the mountains of Mexico and parts of Guatemala and has been introduced to the Andes.

The alternative (and ambiguous) name manzanita means “little apple” in Spanish. The Geric name, Crataegus, is derived from a Latinized Greek compound word literally meaning “strong sharp”, referring to the strong wood and thorny habit of several species.

Downy Hawthorn (crataegus Mollis) · Inaturalist Canada

The plant is a large shrub or small tree that grows to a height of 5-10 m with a dense crown. The leaves are semi-evergreen, oval to diamond-shaped, 4–8 cm long, with a toothed margin. Flowers are white, 2 cm in diameter. The fruit is a globose to oblong orange-red pod 2 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter that ripens in late winter just before the next year’s flowering.

The fruit in Mexico is eaten cooked, raw or canned. It resembles a crab, but it has three or sometimes more brown hard stones. It is the main ingredient used in ponche, a traditional Mexican hot fruit punch served at Christmas time and New Year’s Eve. On the Day of the Dead, teikote fruits and sweets made from them are used to make offerings to the dead, and rosaries made of fruits are part of the altar decoration. A mixture of teicotte paste, sugar, and chili powder produces a popular Mexican candy called rielitos because it resembles small train tracks.

Due to its high pectin content, the fruit is processed to extract pectin for food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and textile applications.

Other uses include fodder for livestock (for which the leaves and fruits are used) and traditional medicinal purposes; An infusion of Mexican hawthorn root is used as a diuretic and treatment for diarrhea, and preparations based on the fruit are used to treat coughs and several heart ailments.

Crataegus Crus Galli

The wood of Mexican hawthorn is hard and compact, and is useful both for making tool handles and for firewood.

The name C. pubescs Steud., published in 1840, is the more common name for this species, but is illegitimate according to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. It is a later homonym of C. pubescs C.Presl, published in 1826 as the species name from Sicily. Fruits of four different species of Crataegus (clockwise from top left: C. coccinea, C. punctata, C. ambigua. and C. douglasii)

Mayflower, or Mayflower, is a genus of several hundred species of shrubs and trees in the Rosaceae family.

It is common in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. The name “hawthorn” was originally applied to species native to northern Europe, especially the common hawthorn C. monogyna, and the alternate name is often used in Britain and Ireland. The name is now also applied to the Tire Geese and the related Asiatic Geese Rhaphiolepis.

Species) Crataegus Phippsii

The Gerician epithet, Crataegus, is derived from the Greek kratos “strong” due to the great strength of the wood and akis “sharp”, referring to the thorns of some species.

The name haw, originally an Old English term for a hedge (from the Anglo-Saxon hounghorn, “studded with thorns”),

A small vegetable with fruit and (usually) spiny branches. The most common type of bark in young individuals is smooth gray, in older trees shallow longitudinal fissures with narrow ridges develop. Thorns are small sharp branches that arise from other branches or stems and are typically 1–3 cm (1⁄2–1 in) long (recorded up to

). Leaves grow spirally arranged on long shoots, and clusters on branches or twigs on stems. The leaves of most species have lobed or toothed margins and are somewhat variable in shape. The fruit, sometimes known as a “hawk”, resembles a berry, but is structurally a pod containing one to five bladders, resembling plums, peaches, etc.

Botanising In Huntingdonshire, Yorkshire And Beyond: Various Leaved Hawthorn (crataegus Heterophylla)

The number of gushe species depends on the taxonomic interpretation. Some botanists in the past recognized 1,000 or more species,

Gus probably first appeared in the Eoke, the ancestral area probably being eastern North America and Europe, which at the time were closely connected by the North Atlantic land bridge. The earliest known Gus leaves are from the Eocene of North America, the earliest leaves from Europe are from the Oligocene.

Hawthorn provides food and shelter for many species of birds and mammals, and the flowers are important for many nectar-feeding insects. Hawthorn is also used as plant food by the larvae of a large number of lepidopteran species, such as the small ovipositor, E. lanestris. Hawks are important for wintering wildlife, especially thrushes and waxwings; These birds eat hawks and distribute the seeds in their droppings.

The “hawks” or fruits of common hawthorn, C. monogyna, are edible. In the United Kingdom, they are sometimes used to make jelly or homemade wine.

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The leaves are edible and, if harvested in spring while still young, can be used in salads.

The young leaves and flower buds, which are also edible, are known in rural circles as ‘bread and cheese’.

In the southern United States, the fruits of the three native species are collectively called mayhows and make jellies that are considered a delicacy. The Kuta people of northwestern North America used the fruits of red and black hawthorn as food.

On Manitoulin Island, Ontario, some red-fruited species are called hawkweed. During colonization, European settlers ate this fruit in winter as the only food left. People born on the island are now called “Haveters”.

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The fruits of Crataegus mexicana are known in Mexico as tejocotes and are eaten raw, cooked or in jam during the winter. They throw the piñata into the Brock during the traditional pre-Christmas celebration known as Las Posadas. They are also cooked with other fruits to make Christmas punch. A mixture of teicotte paste, sugar, and chili powder produces a popular Mexican candy called rielitos, which is produced by several brands.

The 4 cm fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn) is tart, bright red in color and resembles the fruit of a small crab. They are used to make many types of Chinese snacks, including flakes and wrapped in sugar syrup and served on a stick. The fruit, called 山楂 shān zhā in Chinese, is also used to make jams, jellies, juices, spirits, and other beverages; They can be used in other dishes (for example, many old Cantonese sweet and sour sauce recipes call for shanghai jam). In South Korea, they make a drink called Sansachun (산사춘) from the fruit.

In Iran, the fruits of Crataegus (including Crataegus azarolus var. Aronia, as well as other species) are known as zâlzâlak and are eaten raw as a snack or made into a jam known by the same name.

A 2008 Cochrane Collaboration meta-analysis of previous studies concluded that there is evidence of “significant benefit in symptom control and physiological outcomes” for hawthorn extract used as an adjunct in the treatment of chronic heart failure.

Crataegus Pinnatifida Bunge

Concluded that “Crataegus [hawthorn] preparations have significant potential as a useful treatment for cardiovascular disease.” The review pointed to the need for further study of optimal dosages and concluded that although “many different theoretical interactions between Crataegus and orthodox medicines have been postulated…none [yet] have been substantiated.

Several species of hawthorn are used in traditional medicine. The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related species of Crataegus, “collectively known as hawthorn”, it is not necessary to distinguish between these species.

The dried fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) is used in traditional Chinese medicine mainly as a digestive aid. A closely related species, Crataegus cuneata (Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese)