Hawthorn Green Berries – The green hawthorn (winter king) plant bears red fruit in the fall. Photo: M. Talabac, University of Maryland
Sun/Shade: Native species thrive in partial shade to full shade. The ‘Winter King’ cultivar thrives in filtered shade to full sun
Hawthorn Green Berries
Garden Uses: Green hawthorn, also called southern hawthorn (Crataegus viridis), is native to the southeastern United States, including the coastal plain of Maryland. Its natural habitat includes lowlands, valleys, and marshes, with moderately moist soils and full to partial shade.
Green Leaves And White Berries Of The Mistletoe Plant. The Red Berries Are Those Of The Host Plant Hawthorn
The cultivated variety, Crataegus viridis ‘Winter King’, is tolerant of full sun and highly adaptable to a variety of soil conditions, including those that are compacted and sometimes dry. It tolerates air pollution and makes it a good choice for urban areas. ‘Winter King’ has small, inconspicuous thorns, compared to upright varieties that can have thorns up to 1.5 inches.
Green hawthorns offer many seasons of interest: white flowers in spring, attractive scarlet leaves in fall, and small fruits that turn orange-red in fall and can persist on the tree through winter. The berries are edible but not considered high quality for human consumption. In mature trees, the outer gray bark peels off to reveal the inner-orange bark.
Wildlife: Green pond flowers provide nectar for bees and mature butterflies. A variety of songbirds and small mammals eat the fruit.
Dierer, Michael. 1998. Handbook of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation and Uses, 5th ed.
Winter King Hawthorn
Slattery, Britt E., et. al. 2005. Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation, US Fish and Wildlife, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, Annapolis, MD. 82 pp. Those of you who are regular readers of this little column may know that I’m no stranger to cake and that I’ve landed in one on several botanical tours (all my tours are botanical) in various wet situations. in
I’ve also been known to paddle around in a kayak on a cold winter day… Which is not usually my style, because I’m a big fan of summer, the hotter it is. However, even I will admit that there is something to be said for seeing the wonderful world around us during these short, cloudy days.
So there I am on a recent January afternoon in central South Carolina floating on the slightly cloudy and chilly waters of Oxbow Lake, our own Congery River tributary. Most of the foliage is long, of course, although there are many well-spaced evergreens in the swamp. Thus, kayakers are largely exposed to a continuous and varied palette of grays and browns, devoid of floodplain trees. And then, suddenly, this!
I have to tell you that I kind of breathed a sigh of relief when we rounded a corner, and then this wonderful plant, a little tree, actually appeared. It almost looked like it was on fire, standing out of the stupor around her. I should also tell you that this is the main type of greens – greens,
Common Hawthorn Green Leaves And Red Berries, Crataegus Monogyna Stock Photo
All of the world’s animals (sometimes just called “hoses”) belong to the genus Crataegus, and there are several hundred species around the northern hemisphere, including North America. They occupy a wide variety of habitats, and many provide important wildlife food sources, as well as ornamental value.
Green Hawthorn is a common inhabitant of southern swamps and floodplains from Pennsylvania to Arkansas and Texas, then north to Florida. In elderly people, the trunks are often dirty.
All ponds are very green. It has leaves that are broadly oval in shape, but the shape is variable, and most of the leaves will be tightly lobed. The leaves are serrated along the margins, and during the new year all these leaves will die and fall off.
The flowers are really attractive, snow white when fully open, and appear in late spring. All ponds have perfect flowers, that is, both pollen and ovules are produced in the same flower. The flowers are held in tight clusters, each with five petals.
Hawthorn Berries On The Bush. Unripe Green Hawthorn Fruits, Closeup Stock Photo
After fertilization, young fruits develop. During the long growing season, the fruit grows and swells, each containing 3-5 seeds. The ripe fruit will be what we call a “pom”, basically like a small apple or pear. (or pyracantha.)
At some point, the skin cells of the fruit begin to turn red. A mass of ripe fruit, strung on branches can be an amazing sight. I hope you find some to appreciate before eating the birds.
John Nelson is an A.C. in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of South Carolina. Moore Herbarium is the curator, Columbia SC 29208. As a public service, the herbarium offers free plant identification. For more information, visit www.herbarium.org or call 803-777-8196, or email [email protected] Written by Erin Lang, BSc, MBA and SaVanna Shoemaker, MS, RDN, LD—Medical Nutrition by Kathy W. Warwick, R.D., CDE—Updated on December 13, 2021
This nutrient-rich dairy product has a creamy, delicious taste and mild sweetness. They range in color from yellow to dark red (
Crataegus (hawthorn, Image & Photo (free Trial)
For hundreds of years, people have used hawthorn berries as an herbal remedy for digestive problems, heart problems, and high blood pressure. In fact, the berry has been a key component of traditional Chinese medicine since at least 659 AD.
Antioxidants help neutralize unstable molecules called free radicals that can damage your body when they are present in high levels.
Free radicals come from certain foods. You can also have high levels of them as a result of exposure to environmental toxins such as air pollution and secondhand smoke (
Polyphenols are associated with many health benefits due to their antioxidant activity, including a lower risk (
Red Hawthorn Berries And Green Leaves 2438166 Stock Photo At Vecteezy
Although preliminary research in animals and cells is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effects of animal berries on disease risk.
Summary Hawthorn berries contain plant polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties associated with many health benefits.
Research has found that chronic inflammation is linked to many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, asthma, and some cancers (
In a study on liver disease in mice, wild berry extract significantly reduced levels of inflammatory compounds, which cause liver inflammation and injury (
Hawthorn (crataegus Monogyna)
In one study, researchers administered vitoxin—a compound found in honeysuckle leaves—to rats with respiratory conditions. This treatment reduced the production of molecules that cause inflammation and reduced the response of white blood cells to inflammation (
These promising results from animal and test-tube studies suggest that the supplement may offer anti-inflammatory benefits for humans. However, further research is needed.
Summary Hawthorn berry extract has shown anti-inflammatory properties in test tube and animal studies. However, research in humans is needed.
In traditional Chinese medicine, hawthorn berries are one of the most commonly recommended foods to help treat high blood pressure (
Impressive Health Benefits Of Hawthorn Berry
Animal studies show that hawthorn can act as a vasodilator, meaning it can relax blood vessels, ultimately lowering blood pressure (
A 10-week study looked at the effects of hawthorn extract in 36 people with mild high blood pressure.
Researchers found that those who took 500 milligrams of the extract daily had a reduction in diastolic pressure—the bottom number in blood pressure (
In a 2006 study, researchers gave 79 people with diabetes and high blood pressure 1,200 milligrams per day for 16 weeks. People who took the extract experienced greater improvements in blood pressure than the placebo group (
Hawthorn Berries On A Blurred Background. Hawthorn With Red Berries And Green Leaves In Autumn. 3738016 Stock Photo At Vecteezy
However, more studies are needed to support these findings. It’s also important to note that using extracts is not the same as eating berries.
Summary Some research suggests that hawthorn berries can lower blood pressure by helping to dilate blood vessels. However, further studies are needed.
Some studies show that hauntorin extract may improve blood cholesterol levels thanks to its flavonoid and pectin content. Pectin is a type of fiber that is involved in cholesterol metabolism (
Imbalanced blood cholesterol levels — especially high triglycerides and low HDL (good) cholesterol — play a role in atherosclerosis, or plaque buildup, in your blood vessels (
How Healthy Is Hawthorn?
If plaque continues to build up, it can completely block a blood vessel, leading to a heart attack or stroke.
In an animal study, rats that received two doses of the animal extract had lower total and LDL (bad) cholesterol, as well as 28-47% lower liver triglyceride levels, than rats that did not receive the extract. (
Similarly, a 6-week study in rats showed that when rats were given hawthorn berry supplements, they had significantly lower levels of fast triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol.
Finally, a 6-month study in 64 people with atherosclerosis found that 2.3 milligrams per pound (5 milligrams per kilogram) of body weight of wheatgrass extract significantly reduced carotid artery Thickening of harmful plaque buildup in arteries.
Simple Ways To Harness The Healing Power Of Hawthorn
Although this research is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effects of hydrangea extract on blood cholesterol.
Anecdotal research in animals and humans suggests taking animal extracts