Hawthorn Leaves Compared To Hawthorn Berries For Reducing Blood Pressure – The hawthorn berry is a group of tree plants in the rose family native to the temperate regions of Europe, the Middle East, Asia and North America. Parts of the Middle East consider the plant sacred. Many historians believe that it may have been the crown of thorns that Jesus wore at the crucifixion. In this article, you will discover 5 great benefits of Hawthorn Berry.
This medicinal plant is known to be one of the greatest natural medicines for improving cardiovascular function. Hawthorn is approved as an aid for cardiovascular disease by Commission E- an important branch of the German government that studies and approves natural treatments (1, 2).
Hawthorn Leaves Compared To Hawthorn Berries For Reducing Blood Pressure
It is widely used in Europe to improve the circulatory system, treat angina, high blood pressure, arrhythmias and heart failure. It is known for its ability to strengthen the heart and blood vessels and restore healthy muscle tone in the heart wall.
Health Benefits Of Hawthorn Berry
Hawthorn berries are loaded with a wide variety of powerful antioxidants. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress and tissue damage in the body. The unique blend of antioxidants found in hawthorn comes from a group of phytonutrients (3). These include tannins, flavonoids, proanthocyanidins and phenolic acids. The standardization of hawthorn products is based on the total content of flavonoids (2.2%) and proanthocyanidins (18.75%).
Hawthorn berry has been well studied in people with heart failure (4, 5). Five of the six main studies conducted found significant improvement in symptoms (such as shortness of breath and fatigue).
One study showed that hawthorn (taken at 900 mg/day) for 2 months was as effective as low doses of captopril (a leading heart drug) in improving common symptoms associated with heart failure (6).
The unique antioxidant blend within Hawthorn creates a powerful vasodilating effect. It works to improve the endothelial function of blood vessels where the blood vessel can open with less resistance. This increases blood flow in working tissues and improves oxygen utilization. This is primarily due to the flavonoids rutin and vitexin along with proanthocyanins (7, 8).
Magical Hawthorn Mulled Apple Cider & Gathering To Heal
Hawthorn improves the metabolism of heart cells and increases the flow of electrolytes across the heart cells. This prevents or corrects arrhythmias and strongly encourages a healthy heartbeat.
Hawthorne contains flavones that increase the activity of certain heart enzymes. This effect increases the contractility of the heart, which effectively increases stroke volume while increasing the heart’s tolerance to hypoxia (9). It also improves the heart’s ability to generate energy through anaerobic metabolism, which improves the heart’s ability to withstand stress.
Hawthorn also works to inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Elevated ACE causes an increase in angiotensin II and systemic vasoconstriction. This process raises blood pressure.
By modulating ACE levels, Hawthorn helps normalize blood pressure and reduce stress on the cardiovascular system. It usually takes two to four weeks for the body to adjust to hawthorn and have a lasting effect on blood pressure (10, 11, 12).
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Hawthorn also helps protect joints with a unique blend of antioxidants. These phytonutrients ward off certain classes of free radicals known to damage collagen in tissues leading to arthritis. Natural remedies that support healthy collagen improve joint, skin, hair and nail health.
When you get hawthorn berries, be sure to get the whole plant – leaves, flowers and berries. The berries contain more proanthocyanins, while the flowers and leaves contain more vitexin. The most effective way to consume hawthorn if you can’t get it fresh is in dried and ground form. Here’s the dried version and here’s a blend of hawthorn with cousin hibiscus in an organic tea
Put the fresh plant or dried form into a shake or tea and consume daily. Due to its antioxidant and anti-cardiovascular effects, it is great to use before/after exercise. This improves exercise recovery by improving oxygen flow and neutralizing scavenging free radicals from damaged tissue.
You can also find great herbal tinctures here that are easy to use. You can also use the Nutrigold Hawthorn Gold supplement here
Nature’s Answer Hawthorn Berry 90 V Caps
References for this article include: 1. Tassell MC, Kingston R, Gilroy D, Lehane M, Furey A. Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Pharmacology Reviews. 2010;4(7):32-41. 2. Chang WT, Dao J, Shao ZH. Hawthorn: potential role in cardiovascular disease. Am J Chin Med. 2005;33(1):1-10. PMID: 15844828 3. Rigelsky JM, Sweet BV. Hawthorn: Pharmacology and Medicinal Uses. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2002 Mar 1;59(5):417-22. PMID: 11887407 4. Pittler MH, Guo R, Ernst E. Hawthorn extract for the treatment of chronic heart failure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23;(1):CD005312. PMID: 18254076 5. Pittler MH, Schmidt K, Ernst E. Hawthorn extract for the treatment of chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Am J Med. 2003 Jun 1;114(8):665-74. PMID: 12798455 6. Zick SM, Vautaw BM, Gillespie B, Aaronson KD. Hawthorn Extract Randomized Blinded Chronic Heart Failure (HERB CHF) trial. European Journal of Heart Failure. 2009;11(10):990-999. 7. Asher GN, Viera AJ, Weaver MA, Dominik R, Caughey M, Hinderliter AL. Effects of hawthorn standardized extract on flow-mediated dilation in hypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults: a randomized controlled crossover study. BMC Supplement Altern Med. March 29, 2012;12:26 pm. PMID: 22458601 8. Botanicals for Regulating Heart Rhythms Link Here 9. Elango C, Devaraj SN. Immunosuppressive effects of hawthorn extract in an experimental stroke model. J Neuroinflammation. December 30, 2010; 7:97. PMID: 21192826 10. Walker AF, Marakis G, Morris AP, Robinson PA. The promising antihypertensive effects of hawthorn extract: a randomized double-blind pilot study in mild essential hypertension. Phytother Res. 2002 Feb;16(1):48-54. PMID: 11807965 11. Dahmer S, Scott E. Health effects of hawthorn. Is Fam doctor. 2010 Feb 15;81(4):465-8. PMID: 20148500 12. Fong HH, Bauman JL. Hawthorn. J Cardiovasc Nurs. July 2002;16(4):1-8. PMID: 12597258
“Join my tribe today to discover hidden ways to improve your energy, brain, digestion and metabolism.”—Dr. David Jockers Hawthorn berry crop is new to me this year. They are sweet and mild if you get them at the right time, and in past years I tasted them too early in the fall. This year Washington Hawthorn was sweet and mild in late October. But by that time the single-seeded hawthorn had started to rot, so next year I’ll look for them in mid-October.
I have Josh Fecteau’s recent hawthorn post to thank for encouraging me to try hawthorn berries again. As Josh points out, there are many hawthorn species, maybe 50 in New England. And, in all of North America, possibly a thousand species, according to George Symonds (from his excellent book Tree Identification Book: A New Method for the Practical Identification and Recognition of Trees
, my favorite guide to learning tree identification). Fortunately, you don’t need to be able to identify specific species. You just need to know it’s a hawthorn, because all hawthorns have edible berries. However, like apple seeds, hawthorn seeds contain cyanide and should not be eaten. Don’t panic; just spit out the seeds.
Ways Hawthorn Berry Improves Heart Health
Why bother with hawthorns? They are beautiful, interesting and tasty wild edibles with known health benefits. Some people use the berries to make hawthorn jelly, but I have yet to try this. The berries, leaves and flowers can be used to make tea. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to see how I make hawthorn berry extract.
I’m going to describe two types here, to describe the general characteristics. It should help you know a hawthorn when you see one, but I
If you are unsure that you have hawthorn when foraging, please check with additional sources until you ARE sure, before eating the berries.
It grows as a small tree or large shrub and bears clusters of white flowers in late spring. The berries turn red in September (here), but are sweet later. By October 31st, they were sweet and maybe a little past their peak. Each berry has 3-5 seeds.
Organic Hawthorn Berry Tea
The leaves are ragged and toothed as you can see in my photo above. Many other hawthorn species have similar leaves. The tree is heavily armed with long thorns, up to about 3 inches long. However, with reasonable care, you can easily harvest berries, which tend to hang from the branch. It is even easier later in the season after many of the leaves have fallen and are no longer covering the thorns.
Also called common hawthorn, this is a European native that has escaped cultivation and naturalized in North America. There is sometimes a brand that invades a plant, but I don’t find it very often, and when I do, there isn’t much of it in one area. Maybe it’s invasive in other parts of the country, but it doesn’t seem to be particularly invasive here. Like Washington Hawthorn, single-seeded hawthorn grows as a shrub or small tree and bears clusters of white flowers in late spring. The oval red berries ripen slightly earlier (than Washington Hawthorn) in the fall and contain one seed (hence the name). The toothed leaves are more deeply lobed than those of the Washington hawthorn, but the thorns are much smaller, only about 1/2 inch to an inch long.
Hawthorns are common in the forest floor here in Massachusetts, but these are sparse specimens that do not