Indian Hawthorn Berries Edible – Species and hybrids) are mostly low evergreen flowering shrubs. They have a dense growth habit and are ideal low-maintenance plants for small gardens and foundation plantings.
Most varieties are between 3 and 6 feet tall and about the same width. Some are large shrubs that can be trained to form small trees.
Indian Hawthorn Berries Edible
Indian Hawthorn is grown for its neat appearance, mound shape and clusters of flowers. From mid-April to May, the flowers are pink or white, with fragrant crabapple-like blooms blooming in clusters above the leaves. Blue-black berries appear in late summer and persist through winter. The leathery dark evergreen leaves are round, about 2 to 3 inches long, and turn purple in winter.
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Compact varieties of Indian hawthorn are suitable for use as base shrubs, while larger varieties can be used for hedges, mass planting or screening.
Indian hawthorn is sensitive to chilling damage and should be sited in protected areas if grown in upper South Carolina.
Plants prefer sun, although they will grow in partial shade. Indian hawthorn prefers moist, well-drained soil, but mature shrubs can tolerate drought. It is resistant to salt spray and sandy soils, making it a good choice for coastal areas.
, is the most common disease of Indian hawthorn. This is most damaging after the frequent rains in spring and fall.
Indian Hawthorn (rhaphiolepis Indica) Leaf Spot
The first symptoms are tiny round red spots on the upper and lower sides of young leaves.
These expand and coalesce on heavily diseased leaves, forming large irregular spots. Severe infestations may result in early defoliation.
Slow the spread of disease by properly spacing plants to improve air movement. Water shrubs with drip irrigation rather than overhead sprinklers. If using sprinklers, water established plants with an inch of water only once a week during the growing season. Collect and discard fallen diseased leaves in winter, then cover the shrub.
From the first appearance of new leaves in spring until early June, diseased shrubs can be sprayed with diphenhydramine (chlorothalonil). Spray every ten days when the spring is rainy and every two weeks when the spring is dry. A spray may need to be added in the fall. Follow label instructions for rates and safety. See Table 1 for examples of brands and specific products.
Rhaphiolepis Indica ‘pink Lady’, Indian Hawthorn ‘pink Lady’ In Gardentags Plant Encyclopedia
Winter injuries became more common and were very severe during the 2014-2015 winter, with many Indian hawthorns in South Carolina
Severe defoliation may occur in summer after severe infection with Insosporium leaf spot on Indian hawthorn (
Killed. Plants weakened by improper fertilization and irrigation, exposure to lawn herbicides and foliar diseases may be more vulnerable to cold weather damage. Test the soil in the landscape bed for proper fertilization.
The same disease also affects red-tip heather and pears (such as Bradford pears), but may also be found on pyracantha, papaya, and loquat. For this reason, red-pointed heather is still rarely sold.
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The best way to prevent Indian hawthorn leaf spot is to plant selected disease-resistant varieties (see below) in full sun and use drip irrigation.
This information is provided with the understanding that Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service does not have any intent to discriminate, nor does it imply endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks, nor does it discriminate by excluding unnamed products or manufacturers. All recommendations are specific to South Carolina and may not apply to other regions. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. All recommendations for pesticide use apply only to South Carolina and are legal at the time of publication, but registration status and use patterns are subject to change due to actions by state and federal regulators. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions listed.
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Indian hawthorn grows best in full sun, but will tolerate afternoon shade as well. If it receives too much shade, it can cause the shrub to lose its neat, compact growth habit. Not picky about soil, but if the soil is heavy clay or sand, it’s a good idea to use some compost before planting. It is tolerant of salt spray and saline soils, making it ideal for seaside planting.
Food For Free: How To Make Hawthorn Jelly
Get semi-ripe cuttings from the growth in the fall season. Neatly cut, just below the leaf nodes, healthy shoots about 5 inches long with soft growths at the tips. Pinch off the growing tips and cut off the bottom leaves. Dip the bottom of the cut in hormone rooting powder, then carefully place it in a pot of cut compost with the leaves just at the level of the compost. Add water, label, cover with a polyethylene bag, and keep in a warm, bright place out of direct sunlight. Remove the polyethylene bag and ventilate regularly for a period of time (at least twice a week)
Indian hawthorn flowers are white or pink and appear in loose clusters in late winter or spring, and these flowers often bear small purple fruits that are attractive to birds. A second bloom sometimes occurs in the fall – not as impressive as the spring blooms. By: Beth Bolles | April 7, 2015 | Best Management Practices, Diseases, Garden Design, General Gardening, Insects, Installations, Ornamental Shrubs
.Although not native to Florida, it can be a very attractive shrub when used appropriately in the landscape. Plants offer pink and white spring flowers, followed by berries, which are a food source for birds.
Indian hawthorn plants in the landscape are susceptible to several pests that produce unsightly and unhealthy plants. A leaf spot fungus called Entomosporium leaf spot is easily spread from infected plants through irrigation and rainfall, causing discoloration of leaves, defoliation and dead limbs. Scale bugs are also common on leaves, causing yellowing and dieback. Fungal problems are difficult to resolve on heavily infected plants, but scale can be controlled by choosing low-toxicity pesticides such as horticultural oils.
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Severe infestations of leaf spot fungus are often difficult to control when plants are routinely irrigated.
Most of the time, problems with Indian hawthorn, especially fungal problems, are the result of poor management. This shrub prefers sun, well-drained soil, and no overhead irrigation. Once established, plants should require very little supplemental irrigation and water should only be applied to the base of the plant. Since the plants usually form a circular mound, little pruning is also required if planted in the correct location and spaced appropriately when planting. Most landscape installations for Indian Hawthorn space plants are based on the size of the gallon pot, not the mature size of the plant, about 3-5 feet tall and spread out.
Indian hawthorn remains a good choice for homeowners. Buy healthy plants that don’t show any signs of spotting on the leaves, and don’t grow monocultures of these plants in the landscape. If a plant does have a serious pest problem, it is easier to treat or remove one plant than it is to grow it on a large scale. Rhaphiolepis (/ˌ r æ f i ˈ ɒ l ɪ p ɪ s / or /ˌ r æ f i oʊ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ s / ;
) is one of about 5 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees in the Rosaceae family, native to warm temperate and subtropical East and Southeast Asia, from southern Japan, southern Korea, and southern China, as far south as Thailand and Vietnam. When searching the literature, it is good to keep in mind that this name is often misspelled “Raphiolepsis”. gus is closely related to the loquat (loquat), and in fact, members of these two gera have interbred with each other. For example, “Coppertone loquat” is a cross of Eriobotrya deflexa X Rhaphiolepis indica.