Indian Hawthorn Berries Poisonous Dogs – Rhaphiolepis (/ˌ r æ f i ˈ ɒ l ɪ p ɪ s / or /ˌ r æ f i oʊ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ s / ;
) is a genus of about fifty species of winter-hardy shrubs and small trees from the Rosaceae family, native to warm temperate and subtropical East and Southeast Asia, from southern Japan, southern Korea and southern China, south to Thailand and Vietnam. In searching the literature it is good to remember that the name is usually misspelled “Raphiolepsis”. Gus is closely related to Eriobotrya (loquats), so closely in fact that members of the two genera have hybridized with each other; for example “Coppertone loquat” is a hybrid of Eriobotrya deflexa X Rhaphiolepis indica. The common name hawthorn, originally applied specifically to the related goose Crataegus, now also appears in the common names for some Rhaphiolepis species. For example, Rhaphiolepis indica is often called “Indian hawthorn” and Rhaphiolepis umbellata “Yeddo hawthorn”.
Indian Hawthorn Berries Poisonous Dogs
Species vary in size, with some reaching only 1–1.5 m (3 ft 3 in – 4 ft 11 in), while R. ferruginea can reach 10 m (33 ft). The leaves are alternate, leathery, glossy dark green, simple, 3–9 cm (1–3+ 1 ⁄2 in) long, with a rubbery or toothed margin. The flowers are white or pink,
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board
1–2 cm (1 ⁄2 –3 ⁄4 in) diameter, produced in small to large spikes with panicle structure. The fruit is a small seed
1–2 cm (1 ⁄2 –3 ⁄4 in) diameter, dark purple to black, usually containing only one seed.
Rhaphiolepis is closely related to loquats and tojones and is in the apple subfamily along with many other commercially important fruits such as pears. Rect phylogenetic research proposed a merger of Rhaphiolepis and Eriobotrya (loquats).
The most famous species is Rhaphiolepis indica (Indian hawthorn) from southern China, it is cultivated for its decorative pink flowers and is popular in bonsai culture. Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Yeddo hawthorn) from Japan and Korea has blunt leaves and white flowers. It is the hardiest species, withstanding temperatures down to about -15 °C (5 °F).
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The fruit of some varieties is edible when cooked and can be used to make jam, but some ornamental varieties produce fruit that has no culinary value.
Indian hawthorn is a major horticultural specimen in the southern United States. It is often found in commercial as well as private landscapes. It is often cut into small compact hedges or balls for foundation plants. It has been successfully pruned to standard shape as well as small dwarf trees up to 4.5 m (15 ft) tall.
The use of Rhaphiolepis in landscapes in humid regions is limited by the susceptibility of many of its species and hybrids to the deforming leaf spot disease caused by the fungus Tomosporium gus. Indian hawthorn (scientific name Rhaphiolepis indica) is a popular shrub native to southern China, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. It is also commonly found in Asia and Australia, although it can be grown in a variety of climates around the world. This evergreen plant is marked by pink and white flowers in spring, while the rest of the year it has broad, oval green leaves with a serrated texture around the edges that grow between 2 and 4 inches in length. The shrub itself reaches a height and width of between 4 and 6 feet.
According to The Spruce, caring for an Indian hawthorn plant shouldn’t cause much fuss as they are fairly self-sufficient when given the right sunlight, soil and temperature conditions. The best part is that this shrub is very resistant to drought and other adverse growing conditions when mature, including excessive salt in the soil, making it perfect for coastal locations.
Common (english) Hawthorn Identification And Control: Crataegus Monogyna
Garden Frontier reports that Indian hawthorn is in particular demand for its ability to produce edible berries, which continue to sprout from the plant well past the seasonal flowering period. If you like to see wildlife in your yard, this feature is especially attractive to many animal species. Now that you’ve chosen an Indian hawthorn bush for your garden, go through the following guide for some tips on how to grow and care for this hardy plant.
The possibilities for using Indian hawthorn in your garden are numerous as this shrub can serve a variety of purposes in any outdoor space. For starters, given the shrub’s rounded shape, it may be a good idea to plant several individuals in a row around the exterior of your yard to provide structure and boundaries to the space, especially given the plant’s tendency to blend in with others of the same species. Clemson Cooperative Extension recommends choosing a design for your Indian hawthorn based on the size of the individual plant. For example, larger shrubs can be planted along the boundary between one property and another to provide privacy. The same idea works if your property borders a public sidewalk or walkway. Smaller individuals can be used to delineate garden beds in your yard.
Another popular use of Indian hawthorn in the garden space is planting individuals in pots or containers. This provides the added advantage of the plant’s mobility, allowing you to choose different locations in your yard to plant Indian hawthorn depending on the season, the movement of the sun, etc. Containers are also great for planting Indian hawthorn on a patio or deck, giving you the chance to incorporate their lovely green hue into the space’s color scheme. The main factor in where you plant your Indian hawthorn will be the growing conditions of any location.
Depending on where you decide to plant your Indian hawthorn in your garden, you will need either a garden bed or a planter to get started. Alternatively, if you have chosen to use a row of Indian hawthorns as a border around a specific area of your property, you will need to use wooden stakes or string to determine the location of the rows. Collect a shovel for digging holes in the ground and a pair of gardening gloves if you want to protect your hands while you work.
Low Maintenance Shrubs
Before planting the roots of any Indian hawthorn, Gardening Know How recommends getting rid of weeds and other debris that might get in the way of planting. Each hole you dig should run the length of the root ball without any part of it being exposed on top of the soil. The width of each hole should be approximately two to three times the size of the root ball. Before placing the root ball in the hole, water the soil in and around the plant’s new home. Then stick the plant in the hole and cover it with soil until it is level with the rest of the soil. Your Indian hawthorn will need extra water after transplanting and for the first few weeks. If you are planting your Indian hawthorn in a container, you will need to purchase well-draining garden soil and follow the same steps as for planting in soil.
If you live in a climate with mild winters, within USDA plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, your Indian hawthorn bushes can survive outdoors year-round. Spruce points out that it’s especially important to grow Indian hawthorn in a location with full sun to ensure it thrives in your outdoor space. Ideally, the soil you plant your Indian hawthorn in will be acidic and provide adequate drainage to avoid stagnating water around the roots of your plants and leaving them susceptible to root rot and other diseases.
The amount of water an Indian hawthorn plant needs depends on the time of year and the amount of rainfall in the area where it lives. During the period of active growth the plant will need additional watering, while during the inactive period of growth (usually during winter) you can freely reduce it. Keep in mind that Indian hawthorn is drought tolerant when mature, which means erring on the side of less water will probably be the right choice.
Watters Garden Center recommends that gardeners give a little extra fertilizer during every season except winter to ensure the plant is getting enough nutrition. As a bonus, this low-maintenance shrub shouldn’t require any pruning during the growing season, allowing you to sit back and watch it produce fragrant flowers with minimal care.
Landscape Planning And Design
There are many varieties of Indian Hawthorn, or Rhaphiolepis indica, to choose from within the Rhaphiolepis species; they are all evergreen shrubs and grow between 3 and 6 feet tall and wide, although some hybrids can grow up to 12 feet. Rhaphiolepis indica is native to the Asian countries of southern China, Vietnam, Laos and Japan, and grows in wild roadsides, hills and coastal locations, according to Natusfera. Differences between varieties are mainly related to color, size, growing conditions, temperature tolerance and disease resistance.
Most varieties of Indian hawthorn have sweet names, such as Blueberry Muffin, which has white flowers and tolerates the cold better than its cousin, according to Clemson