Native Uses For Hawthorn Berries

Native Uses For Hawthorn Berries – Species and hybrids) are mostly low-growing, evergreen, flowering shrubs. With a dense tree habit they are ideal low-maintenance plants for use in small gardens and foundation plantings.

Most cultivars grow between 3 and 6 feet tall and about the same in width. A few are large shrubs that can be trained to a small tree form.

Native Uses For Hawthorn Berries

Indian hawthorns are grown for their attractively neat, clustered shape and clusters of flowers. The fragrant, pink or white crabapple-like flowers open in clusters above the leaves from mid-April to May. Blue-black berries appear in late summer and persist through winter. The leathery, dark evergreen leaves are rounded, about 2 to 3 inches long, and turn purplish in winter.

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The compact cultivars of Indian hawthorn are suitable for use as foundation shrubs, while larger cultivars can be used for hedges, mass plantings or screening.

Indian hawthorns are sensitive to cold damage and should be placed in sheltered areas if grown in upper South Carolina.

Plants prefer sun, although they will grow in partial shade. Indian hawthorn prefers moist, well-drained soil, but established shrubs will tolerate drought. It is tolerant of salt spray and sandy soil and is a good choice for coastal areas.

, is the most common disease of Indian hawthorn. It is most damaging after periods of frequent rainfall in spring and autumn.

Hawthorn Facts And Health Benefits

The first symptoms are small, round, red spots on both the upper and lower sides of young leaves.

It expands and on heavily diseased leaves merges to form large, irregular spots. Severe infections can cause early leaf fall.

Slow the spread of disease by spacing plants properly to improve air movement. Water shrubs with drip irrigation rather than overhead sprinklers. If sprinklers are used, water only established plants once a week as needed during the growing season, applying one inch of irrigation water each time. Collect and dispose of fallen diseased leaves during the winter, then cover the shrubs.

Diseased shrubs can be sprayed with Daconil (chlorothalonil) from the first time new leaves appear in the spring until early June. Spray every ten days during rainy spring weather, or every two weeks during dry spring weather. Additional sprays may be needed in the fall. Follow label directions for rates and safety. See Table 1 for examples of brands and specific products.

Impressive Health Benefits Of Hawthorn Berry

Winter injuries became more common and were quite severe during the winter of 2014-2015, when many Indian hawthorns were in South Carolina

Severe defoliation can occur during the summer following a heavy infection with Entomosporium leaf spot on Indian hawthorn (

Murdered. Plants weakened by stress from improper fertilization and irrigation, exposure to lawn herbicides and foliar disease may be more prone to damage from cold weather. Test the soil in landscape beds for proper fertilization.

This same disease also affects red-tip photinia and pears (such as Bradford pear), but can also be found on pyracantha, quince and loquat. For this reason, red tip photinia is rarely found for sale anymore.

English Hawthorn (crataegus Monogyna)

The best way to prevent leaf spot on Indian hawthorn is to plant selected resistant cultivars (see below), grow them in a full sun location and use drip irrigation.

This information is provided with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of trade names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not mentioned not. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. All pesticide use recommendations are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but registration status and use patterns are subject to change by actions of state and federal regulatory agencies. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions listed.

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These nutrient-rich berries have a tart, tangy taste and mild sweetness. They vary in color from yellow to dark red (

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For hundreds of years, people have used hawthorn berry as an herbal remedy for digestive problems, heart problems and high blood pressure. In fact, the berry has been an important part of traditional Chinese medicine since at least AD 659 (

Antioxidants help neutralize unstable molecules called free radicals that can damage your body when present at high levels.

Free radicals can come from certain foods. You may also have higher levels of it due to exposure to environmental toxins such as air pollution and cigarette smoke (

Polyphenols are associated with numerous health benefits due to their antioxidant activity, including a lower risk of (

Hawthorn: Benefits, Side Effects, And Preparations

Although initial research in animals and cells is promising, more human studies are needed to determine the effects of hawthorn berries on the risk of disease.

Summary Hawthorn berry contains plant polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties linked to numerous health benefits.

Research has found that chronic inflammation is linked to many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, asthma, and certain cancers (

In a study in mice with liver disease, hawthorn berry extract significantly reduced levels of inflammatory compounds, leading to reduced liver inflammation and injury (

Hawthorn, May, Maythorn, Whitethorn, Crataegus Monogyna/laevigata

In one study, researchers gave vitaxin—a compound found in hawthorn leaves—to mice with respiratory conditions. This treatment reduced the production of molecules that cause inflammation and reduced the response of white blood cells to inflammation (

These promising results from animal and test-tube studies suggest that the supplement may provide anti-inflammatory benefits for humans. However, more research is needed.

Summary Hawthorn berry extract has shown anti-inflammatory potential in test-tube and animal studies. Still, research in humans is needed.

In traditional Chinese medicine, hawthorn berry is one of the most commonly recommended foods to help treat high blood pressure (

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Animal studies show that hawthorn can act as a vasodilator, meaning it can relax narrowed blood vessels, which ultimately lowers blood pressure (

A 10-week study looked at the effects of taking hawthorn extract in 36 people with mildly elevated blood pressure.

The researchers found that those who took 500 mg of the extract daily had lower diastolic blood pressure – the bottom number of a blood pressure reading (

In a 2006 study, researchers gave 79 people with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure 1,200 mg of hawthorn extract every day for 16 weeks. The people who took the extract experienced more blood pressure improvements than those in the placebo group (

Hawthorn Berry Recipes

Still, more studies are needed to back up these findings. It is also important to note that using an extract is not the same as eating the berries.

Summary Some research suggests that hawthorn berries may lower blood pressure by helping blood vessels dilate. However, further studies are needed.

Some studies suggest that hawthorn extract can improve blood cholesterol levels thanks to its flavonoid and pectin content. Pectin is a type of fiber involved in cholesterol metabolism (

Imbalanced blood cholesterol levels – especially high triglycerides and low HDL (good) cholesterol – play a role in atherosclerosis, or plaque build-up in your blood vessels (

Hawthorn Crataegus Spp.

If plaque continues to build up, it can completely block a blood vessel, leading to a heart attack or stroke.

In one animal study, mice that received two doses of hawthorn extract had lower total and LDL (bad) cholesterol, as well as 28–47% lower liver triglyceride levels, compared to mice that did not receive the extract (

Similarly, a 6-week study in rats showed that when rats were fed hawthorn berry supplements, they had significantly reduced levels of fasting triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol (

Finally, a 6-month study in 64 people with atherosclerosis found that taking hawthorn extract at a dose of 2.3 mg per pound (5 mg per kg) of body weight reduced the thickness of harmful plaque buildup in the carotid artery significantly reduced (

Indian Hawthorn Care

Although this research is promising, more human studies are needed to determine the effect of hawthorn extract on blood cholesterol.

Summary Research in animals and humans suggests that taking hawthorn extract may help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. However, more human research is needed.

For centuries, people have used hawthorn berries and extract to treat digestive problems, especially indigestion and stomach pain (

The berries contain fiber, which has been shown to aid digestion by reducing constipation and acting as a prebiotic. Prebiotics are foods that feed and promote healthy gut bacteria, which are essential for maintaining healthy digestion (

Hawthorn: A Little Known Super Fruit

One observational study in people with slow digestion found that each additional gram of dietary fiber people consumed was associated with a 30-minute decrease in the time between bowel movements (

In addition, a rat study observed that hawthorn extract dramatically reduced the intestinal transit time of food in the digestive system (

Further research