Oregon Hawthorn With Red Berries And Large Long Haws – English hawthorn is a small deciduous tree or large shrub in the Rosaceae (rose) family. While it was introduced to North America in the 1800s, it has recently become a problem on the West Coast. The hawthorn branch has many stocky spines and the bark is smooth, pale, and gray. The leaves are alternate, leathery, and deep lobed. The flowers grow in groups of 10 – 20, are white with a pink tinge, and have 5 petals. This plant also has a single-seeded red fruit group. Seeds are widely dispersed by birds.
English hawthorn looks similar to real black hawthorn. The leaves of black hawthorn are only weakly lobed, and the fruit is black, not bright red.
Oregon Hawthorn With Red Berries And Large Long Haws
English Hawthorn grows in many types of soil, but seems to prefer moist, disturbed places. In its native area, it often grows as a forest understorey species. Here in Oregon, it can be found growing in riparian areas, prairies, woodlands, forests, and abandoned fields. Once established, it can withstand moderate drought conditions
Plant Fall Fruiting Trees And Shrubs For Color
English hawthorn can grow in thorny shrubs that suppress native vegetation and make it difficult for wildlife to move. It also hybridizes with native hawthorn, which can reduce native hawthorn populations and can create leaner, more competitive varieties. Birds may prefer the fruit over native berries, which can lead to reduced native plant regeneration. Harvesting Hawthorn fruit is a novelty for me this year. They’re sweet and creamy if you get them at the right time, and in recent years I’ve tasted them way too early in the fall. This year, Washington hawthorn is sweet and light in late October. But by then, the single-seeded hawthorn was starting to rot, so next year I’ll be looking for it in mid-October.
I owe some credit to Josh Fecteau’s recent hawthorn post, which inspired me to try hawthorn fruit again. As Josh points out, there are many species of hawthorn, maybe 50 in New England. And, across North America, perhaps a thousand species, according to George Symonds (from his excellent book Tree Identification Book: A New Method for the Practical Identification and Recognition of Trees).
, my favorite guide to learning tree IDs). Fortunately, you don’t necessarily need to be able to identify a specific species. You just need to know it’s hawthorn, because all hawthorn has edible berries. BUT, like apple seeds, hawthorn seeds contain cyanide, and should not be eaten. Do not panic; just throw away the seeds.
Why bother with hawthorn? They are a beautiful, interesting, and delicious wild food with known health benefits. Some people use the berries to make hawthorn jelly, but I haven’t tried it. Berries, leaves and flowers can be used to make tea. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to see how I made hawthorn berry extract.
Are Hawthorn Berries Edible?
I will describe two species here, to illustrate common characteristics. It will help you recognize the hawthorn when you see it, but I
If you are not sure that you have hawthorn while foraging, please check with additional sources until you are sure, before eating the berries.
It grows as a small tree or large shrub, and produces clusters of white flowers in late spring. The berries turn red in September (here), but then sweeten. On October 31st, they are sweet, and maybe a little past their peak. Each berry has 3-5 seeds.
The leaves are lobed and toothed, as you can see in my photo above. Many other hawthorn species have similar leaves. The tree is armed with long spines, up to about 3 inches in length. However, with reasonable care, you can easily harvest the berries, which tend to hang from the branches. It’s even easier at the end of the season after a lot of leaves have fallen and the thorns are no longer clouding.
Hawthorn — Wild Foods And Medicines
Also called common hawthorn, this is a plant native to Europe that escaped cultivation and became naturalized in North America. It’s sometimes labeled as an invasive plant, but I don’t find it often, and when I do see it, it’s not much in one area. It might be invasive in other parts of the country, but it doesn’t seem too aggressive here. Like Washington hawthorn, single-seeded hawthorn grows as a shrub or small tree, and produces clusters of white flowers in late spring. The oval red berry ripens a little earlier (from Washington hawthorn) in the fall and contains one seed (hence the name). The toothed leaves are more deeply lobed than Washington hawthorn, but the spines are much smaller, only about 1/2 inch to an inch long.
Hawthorn is commonly found in forest understorey here in Massachusetts, but it is a weedy specimen that doesn’t bear fruit well. Too shady in the forest. To find fruit-laden hawthorn, look in sunny places, such as bush and shrub fields, at the edges of meadows, and along rivers. They are often grown as houseplants, so if your friends have them and don’t mind you picking berries, you have an easy foraging experience at your fingertips.
This was my first experience using hawthorn fruit, and I used it to make an extract, with the same process you would use to make vanilla extract. I hope to use hawthorn extract as a flavoring in cooking and baking. I filled a clean canning jar about 3/4 full with berries, covered it with 80 proof vodka, and closed the jar. I’m not sure how long it will take to extract enough flavor from the berries, so I’ll be checking them every day. I know that other extracts, (like vanilla extract) take weeks, so that’s what I’m hoping for here. The berry trees and shrubs are delightful on many levels, including delicious and edible fruit for humans along with wildlife necessities such as shelter, nesting nests, and all-season food sources. But after the leaves change color and fall, the garden’s welcoming colors of spring, summer, and fall often drop as well.
Berries that bring new color and energy to the winter landscape are a great way to break the monotony of green and brown that often dominates our Pacific Northwest gardens. And whether through the leaves, flowers or bark, most of these winter berry plants, trees and shrubs continue with an ever-changing display of color and texture throughout the growing season. That said, between the winter show and wildlife attraction, their presence is as beneficial as the display of stunning berries.
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Now is the time to start thinking ahead and investing in your winter landscape for the upcoming garden season by growing one or more of the following eight treasure berries.
The white flowers with striking flat tops and colorful fall foliage make this famous North American native stand out for its ornamental appeal. However, the main attraction in the colder months is its edible red berries that last well into winter. What’s more, the berries are one of the most durable colors of the viburnum fruit family.
This graceful group of shrubs loves multiple tiers, with low maintenance, wildlife appeal, and colorful fall foliage. However, the real attraction is the old look from the brilliant violet ruby to the purple berries. Berries of some species — such as the American beautyberry (
Best in full sun or light shade in moderate to moist well-drained soil. Flowers and fruit are produced in the current growing season, so prune in late winter to early spring by removing a third of the stem, or by cutting the entire plant low to the ground.
Crataegus Laevigata ‘pauls Scarlet’
This cranberry cotoneaster (Cotoneaster apiculatus) grows well in winter climates, with striking red berries especially visible on bare branches due to their deciduous nature.
There are about 200 species of evergreen, semi-evergreen, or deciduous shrubs and trees that grow from 1 to 30 feet tall. Most produce abundant yellow, orange, or red berries in the fall, with some surviving into winter. Among those with a winter interest, cranberry cotoneaster (
) grows to 3 feet tall by 6 feet wide, with clustered red fruit the size of a cranberry. Cotoneaster ‘Hybridus Pendulus’ makes a decorative display of berries that resemble a red waterfall in winter. Birds generally avoid fruit
Best in sun (deciduous species) to partial shade in moderately fertile, well-drained soil with little to moderate moisture. They mainly thrive on dry slopes.
Hd Wallpaper: Hawthorn, Fruits, Red, Berries, Autumn, Branch, Bush, Plant
Fast growth and thick clusters of red, orange or yellow berries make these evergreen to semi-evergreen shrubs a top choice in most winter gardens. red fire thorn (
) and hybrid options like ‘Apache,’ ‘Fiery Cascade,’ ‘Mohave’, and ‘Victory’ are your best bets for berries that last well into late winter.
Choose disease-tolerant varieties in scab and fire-prone areas; heaviest berry production when allowed to grow naturally with minimal pruning.
These usually multi-trunked deciduous trees with thorny branches boast an abundant supply of bird-attracting berries. Top choices for showy red berries that last all winter include Carriere hawthorn (
Cluster Of Red Berries Of Northern Downy Hawthorn Stock Image
Best in full sun and moderately moist soil; attracts many birds, including hummingbirds,