Red Berries Hawthorn – Written by Ariane Lang, BSc, MBA and SaVanna Shoemaker, MS, RDN, LD – Peer reviewed by Kathy W. Warwick, R.D., CDE, Nutrition – Updated December 13, 2021
These nutrient-rich berries have a tart, luscious taste and mild sweetness. They range in color from yellow to dark red (
Red Berries Hawthorn
For hundreds of years, people have used hawthorn berry as an herbal remedy for digestive problems, heart problems and high blood pressure. In fact, blackberry has been a key part of traditional Chinese medicine since at least 659 AD (
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Antioxidants help neutralize unstable molecules called free radicals that can harm your body when they are present in high levels.
Free radicals can come from certain foods. You may also have higher levels of them as a result of exposure to environmental toxins such as air pollution and cigarette smoke (
Polyphenols are associated with numerous health benefits due to their antioxidant activity, including a lower risk of (
Although initial research in animals and cells is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effects of hawthorn berries on disease risk.
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Summary Hawthorn contains plant polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties that are linked to numerous health benefits.
Research has found that chronic inflammation is linked to many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, asthma and some cancers.
In a study in mice with liver disease, hawthorn berry extract significantly reduced levels of inflammatory compounds, leading to reduced inflammation and liver damage.
In one study, researchers gave vitex – a compound present in hawthorn leaves – to rats with breathing problems. This treatment decreased the production of molecules that promote inflammation and reduced the response of white blood cells to inflammation (
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These promising results from animal and test-tube studies suggest that the supplement may provide anti-inflammatory benefits to humans. However, more research is needed.
Summary Hawthorn berry extract has shown anti-inflammatory potential in test-tube and animal studies. However, human research is needed.
In traditional Chinese medicine, hawthorn is one of the most recommended foods to help treat high blood pressure (
Animal studies show that hawthorn can act as a vasodilator, meaning it can relax narrowed blood vessels, ultimately lowering blood pressure.
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A 10-week study looked at the effects of taking hawthorn extract in 36 people with low high blood pressure.
Researchers found that those who took 500 mg of the extract per day had lower diastolic blood pressure – the last number of a blood pressure reading.
In a 2006 study, researchers gave 1,200 mg of hawthorn extract to 79 people with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure every day for 16 weeks. People who took the extract experienced more improvements in blood pressure than those in the placebo group (
However, more studies are needed to support these findings. It is also important to note that using an extract is not the same as eating the berries.
Ripe Red Berries On The Branch Of A Hawthorn Tree Stock Image
Summary Some research suggests that hawthorn berries may lower blood pressure by helping to dilate blood vessels. However, further studies are needed.
Some studies show that hawthorn extract can improve blood cholesterol levels thanks to its flavonoid and pectin content. Pectin is a type of fiber involved in cholesterol metabolism (
Imbalanced blood cholesterol levels—especially high triglycerides and low HDL (good) cholesterol—play a role in atherosclerosis, or the buildup of plaque in your blood vessels.
If plaque continues to build up, it can completely block a blood vessel, leading to a heart attack or stroke.
Hawthorn Berries Image & Photo (free Trial)
In an animal study, mice that received two doses of hawthorn extract had lower total and LDL (bad) cholesterol, as well as 28-47% lower levels of liver triglycerides, compared to mice that did not receive the extract. .
Similarly, a 6-week study in rats showed that when rats were fed hawthorn berry supplements, they had significantly reduced levels of fasting triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol.
Finally, a 6-month study in 64 people with atherosclerosis found that taking hawthorn extract at a dose of 2.3 mg per pound (5 mg per kg) of body weight significantly reduced the thickness of harmful plaque buildup in the carotid artery.
Although this research is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effect of hawthorn extract on blood cholesterol.
Hawthorn Berries: Identify, Harvest, And Make An Extract |
Summary Animal and human research suggests that taking hawthorn extract may help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. However, more human research is needed.
People have used hawthorn berries and extract for centuries to treat digestive problems, especially indigestion and stomach aches (
Berries contain fiber, which has been shown to aid digestion by reducing constipation and acting as a prebiotic. Prebiotics are foods that feed and promote healthy gut bacteria, which are vital to maintaining healthy digestion (
An observational study in people with slow digestion found that every additional gram of dietary fiber people consumed was associated with a 30-minute reduction in the time between bowel movements.
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In addition, a study in rats noted that hawthorn extract dramatically decreased the transit time of food in the gut to the digestive system (
Additionally, research in rodents suggests that compounds in hawthorn berries may improve the production and activity of digestive enzymes—that is, those needed to digest fatty and protein-rich foods.
Summary People have used hawthorn berry as a digestive aid for centuries. It can help relieve constipation and improve the production of enzymes needed to digest fatty and protein-rich foods.
Hawthorn seeds can help prevent premature aging of the skin caused by collagen degradation due to excessive exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light.
Impressive Health Benefits Of Hawthorn Berry
A test-tube study found that a mixture of hawthorn extract and ginseng can prevent signs of aging by inhibiting the formation of wrinkles and increasing skin moisture.
Research suggests that this effect may be due to the antioxidant content of hawthorn berries. However, research in this area is limited and human studies are needed.
Summary Some research suggests that hawthorn berries may help reduce the signs of aging as a result of their antioxidant content.
In an older study of 264 people with anxiety, a combination of hawthorn extract, magnesium, and California poppy flower significantly reduced anxiety levels compared to a placebo. However, it is unclear what specific role hawthorn played (
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Hawthorn appears to have few side effects compared to traditional anti-anxiety medications. This is one reason why scientists continue to research it as a potential treatment for central nervous system disorders such as anxiety and depression.
However, these studies have used different types of hawthorn products, not necessarily the berry specifically. More research is needed.
If you want to try a hawthorn supplement to manage your anxiety, don’t stop using your current medications and be sure to discuss it with a healthcare professional first to make sure it’s safe for you.
Summary Scientists are investigating hawthorn supplements as a potential treatment for anxiety. However, at the moment there is not much research on them for this purpose. More studies are needed on the effects of hawthorn berry on anxiety.
Red Berries Of Fresh Hawthorn In The Basket Standing On
Hawthorn is best known for its use in traditional contexts in the treatment of heart failure, alongside other traditional medicines. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump blood properly.
Numerous studies have suggested that hawthorn may have beneficial effects without serious adverse effects in people with heart failure (
Studies mostly show improvements in heart function and symptoms of heart failure — such as shortness of breath and fatigue (
However, some evidence has suggested that hawthorn may be harmful in some cases of heart failure. One study found that taking it along with conventional treatments increases the risk of heart failure progressing (
Berries On The Hawthorn Tree
Summary In some traditional medicine practices, people commonly take hawthorn along with other traditional medications for heart failure. However, it can be harmful when combined with conventional heart failure medications.
Hawthorn can be hard to find at your local grocery store. However, you can find it at farmers markets and specialty health food stores.
Hawthorn berry supplements usually contain the berries along with the leaves and flowers, although some include only the leaves and flowers.
Different brands and forms of hawthorn supplements have different dosage recommendations. Typical doses are 250-500 mg three times a day. However, research has yet to determine an effective dose (
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Keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates dietary supplements like hawthorn under a less stringent set of rules than over-the-counter or prescription medications.
Look for products that have received a seal of approval from independent organizations that evaluate the effectiveness and quality of supplements, such as the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), NSF International, or ConsumerLab.
Summary You can eat hawthorn berries in many ways or take them as a supplement. However, appropriate doses are still undefined and more research is needed.
Not many side effects have been reported from taking hawthorn berries. Those that do exist seem to range from mild to moderate.
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The most common ones that people have reported are sweating, headache, drowsiness, palpitations, flushing, agitation, and gastrointestinal effects.
While these are not life-threatening events, be sure to talk to a healthcare professional if you experience any of these symptoms.
Summary Side effects from consuming hawthorn berries tend to be mild. They often include sweating, headache, drowsiness, palpitations, flushing, agitation, and gastrointestinal effects.
The use of medicinal plants as alternative treatments for certain diseases has become increasingly common
Red Berries Of A Chinese Hawthorn In Autumn.
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