Safe To Take Hawthorn Berries With Precription High Pressure Medician – Small red hawthorn berries are commonly found in North America, Asia and Europe. The health benefits of hawthorn berries may be related to their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and gastro-protective properties. These tangy fruits can help improve heart health, boost digestion, lower blood pressure and reduce anxiety. The stems, leaves and bark of the hawthorn plant also have important medicinal properties. In this article, we will discuss the various health benefits of hawthorn berries, their nutritional profile, dosage, and any possible side effects. keep reading
Studies show that hawthorn berry is used as a combination medicine to treat congestive heart failure (a condition where the heart cannot pump as much blood) (1). Narrowed arteries in the heart gradually make it harder for your heart to pump blood effectively, leading to heart failure. Trials in 855 patients with chronic heart failure showed that hawthorn improved heart function when used in combination with conventional treatments (2).
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A study in patients with chronic heart failure stage NYHA II (people with symptoms of fatigue, headache, and dyspnea even with normal physical activity) found fewer symptoms in those taking hawthorn berry extract (3). Hawthorn berries have also been found to reduce the risk of sudden death due to cardiovascular problems (4). However, more studies are needed to understand this benefit of hawthorn berries.
Diet & Vitamins
Hawthorn berries contain flavonoids, polyphenols and procyanidins. Its essence has been found to work well for patients with angina (chest pain due to reduced blood flow). It improves blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart and also increases cardiac energy metabolism (5). Hawthorn berries have anti-atherosclerosis properties and are said to prevent the accumulation of cholesterol, fat, and plaque in artery walls (6). Research shows that the flavonoids in hawthorn berries interact with enzymes that help increase myocardial contractility (the ability of the heart muscle to contract) (5).
Hawthorn berries have been used to treat high blood pressure (5). A study by the University of Reading found that hawthorn extract may have hypotensive effects (7). Hawthorn relaxes blood vessels and allows blood to flow more easily. Its active ingredients have been found to cause vasorelaxation (reduction in the tension of blood vessel walls) in rat studies (8), (9).
In another small study of 79 people with type 2 diabetes, taking 1,200 grams of hawthorn extract daily for sixteen weeks on prescription drugs was found to lower blood pressure (10). No herb-drug interactions were recorded during this controlled trial. However, more human studies are needed to further understand this benefit of hawthorn berries.
Hawthorn berries and extracts are used in traditional medicine to treat digestive problems. In one study, phenolic and flavonoid compounds in hawthorn berry extracts showed anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, anti-microbial, and free radical-scavenging properties (11). Its gastroprotective effect was tested in rats with ulcers. It has been found to exhibit bactericidal activity against Gram-positive bacteria such as Micrococcus flavus, Bacillus subtilis, and Listeria monocytogenes. Dried hawthorn fruit contains antioxidants and digestive-improving agents that have been found to accelerate gastrointestinal transit in rats (12).
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Hawthorn berries may reduce anxiety (13). In one study, hawthorn extract, in combination with five other extracts, showed a mild sedative effect and helped reduce anxiety in patients with anxiety disorders (14). Another study conducted by the University of Reading found that hawthorn exhibited hypotensive and anti-anxiety effects (7). Hawthorn extracts have been shown to be safer and more effective than placebo (medical treatment) for the treatment of anxiety disorders (15). You can take two cups of hawthorn tea each day after your meal to help reduce anxiety.
The polyphenols in hawthorn berries help lower serum cholesterol levels (5). In animal studies, an ethanol extract of hawthorn suppressed the stimulatory effects of a high-fat diet (16). It reduced total serum cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein levels.
Another study in hamsters found that the triterpenic acids in hawthorn extract could lower plasma cholesterol levels (17). It works by inhibiting acyltransferase, an enzyme that promotes cholesterol absorption.
Another study conducted by the University of Victoria in rats with high cholesterol levels found that hawthorn fruit can lower LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as cholesterol-lowering drugs (18). However, more studies are needed to understand this benefit of hawthorn berries in humans.
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Apart from all these benefits, hawthorn berries also help prevent early signs and symptoms of aging as they are rich in antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory properties. They help prevent hyperpigmentation by inhibiting melanin production in skin cells.
From eating hawthorn berries raw to making teas, jellies, and tinctures, you can consume these berries in a variety of ways. In the following section, we discuss how you can add hawthorn berries to your diet.
Hawthorn berries can also be used in wine making. They are also available as hawthorn berry supplements. But what is their ideal dosage?
A minimum daily dose of 300 mg of hawthorn extract is recommended for the treatment of heart failure (19). A dose of 160 to 900 mg of hawthorn extract per day is recommended for the treatment of congestive heart failure (20). These doses are highly dependent on the form of hawthorn. Also, Hawthorn supplements are not regulated by any authorized organizations. Therefore, buy from a reputable brand after consulting your doctor.
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These nutrients are high in anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiseptic properties. They help improve blood flow, metabolism, heart health, and nutrient absorption.
Hawthorn berries can stay fresh for up to two weeks if stored in a cool, dry place. You can also freeze these fruits in the refrigerator. Dead hawthorn berries can be used in the preparation of teas, extracts, and infusions.
In general, hawthorn berries are considered safe for consumption by most people. But they can have side effects in some people. We will explore more in the next section.
Hawthorn berry consumption is generally considered safe for most people. However, some people have complained of nausea, dizziness, headaches, light rashes, sweating, and cardiac and gastrointestinal symptoms. Also, it is not recommended for children and pregnant/lactating women as little is known about its safety. Consult your doctor before you start using any hawthorn berry supplements.
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Hawthorn may interact with medications such as digoxin (which helps improve heart rhythm). Avoid taking hawthorn with digoxin (21). According to studies, hawthorn may also interact with beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and nitrates (22), (23).
The benefits of hawthorn berries can be attributed to their rich nutrient profile. When included as part of your regular diet, they help treat heart attacks, improve heart health, lower blood pressure, improve digestion, and reduce anxiety. Additionally, the polyphenols found in hawthorn berries help lower cholesterol levels. Although consumption of hawthorn berries is generally safe, there have been reports of these berries causing headaches, nausea, dizziness, sweating, and gastrointestinal discomfort. Hence, caution is advised when consuming them. Include hawthorn berries in your diet in moderation to reap their benefits.
Yes In a rat study, the group receiving hawthorn berry drinks showed significantly lower body weight after the 10th week of treatment (26).
Maybe Anecdotal studies suggest that hawthorn berry extract produces a small but significant reduction in heart rate. However, limited studies are available to substantiate this claim.
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Hawthorn berries and leaves are very similar in terms of their nutritional profile. But they differ in the proportion of specific flavonoids and procyanidins concentrations (23). However, more studies are needed to understand which of the two is the better option.
Hawthorn berry has no recorded recommended dosage. However, 250-500 mg of hawthorn berries, 3 times a day, in supplement form is considered safe.
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Sindhu Koganti is a health and wellness writer with over 5 years of experience. He has a bachelor’s degree … more
Does Hawthorn Lower Blood Pressure?
Silky has been practicing nutrition for over 14 years and is an active member of the Indian Dietetic Association.
Believes in credibility and provides our readers with access to authentic and evidence-based content. Our strict editorial guidelines allow us to cite only from reputable research institutions, academic journals, and medically established studies. If you find any discrepancy in our content, you can contact us. Hawthorn berries are a well-known herb in traditional Chinese medicine that supports the cardiovascular system. It also provides herbal support to the kidneys and digestive system. Qualities: Warm, sweet
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