Snowbird Hawthorn Berries

Snowbird Hawthorn Berries – Fruits of four different species of Crataegus (clockwise from top left: C. coccinia, C. punctata, C. ambigua and C. douglasii)

The Mayflower, or Hobberry, is a genus of several hundred species of shrubs and trees in the Rosaceae family.

Snowbird Hawthorn Berries

Native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. The name “Hawthorn” originally came from species native to northern Europe, particularly the common hawthorn. was applied to Monogyna, and the unmodified name is often used in Britain and Ireland. The name is now also applied to the Tire Goose and the related Asian Goose Raphiolepis.

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The generic adjective, krataegus, derives from the Greek kratos “strong” because of the wood and akis “sharp” referring to the thorns of some species due to their great strength.

The name Haw, originally an Old Gaelic word for hedge (from the Anglo-Saxon word haguthorn, “thorny face”),

With small pome fruit and (usually) spiny branches. The most common type of bark is smooth gray in young individuals, developing shallow vertical fissures with narrow edges in older trees. Thorns are small sharp twigs that arise from either other branches or the trunk, and are usually 1–3 cm (1 ⁄2–1 in) long.

). The leaves are arranged in clusters on long stems, and on spurs on branches or twigs. The leaves of most species have lobed or serrated margins and are somewhat variable in shape. The fruit, sometimes known as a “haw”, is berry-like but structurally a pome consisting of one to five pits that resemble the “stones” of plums, peaches, etc. are drupaceous fruits in the same subfamily.

Hawthorn Hedge Stock Photos, Images & Photography

The number of species in Gus depends on the taxonomic interpretation. Some botanists in the past recognized 1000 or more species,

Gus likely first appeared in Eos, with the ancestral area in eastern North America and Europe closely connected at that time due to the North Atlantic land bridge. The oldest known leaves of Gus are from Eos in North America, the oldest from Oligos in Europe.

Hawthorns provide food and shelter for many species of birds and mammals, and the flowers are important to many nectar-feeding insects. Hawthorns are also used as food plants by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species, such as the small egg moth, E. The Lanestris. Hawks are important for winter wildlife, especially thrushes and waxwings; These birds eat the seeds and disperse the seeds in their droppings.

Common Hawthorne, c. The “hus” or fruits of Monogyna are edible. In the United Kingdom, they are sometimes used to make jelly or homemade wine.

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The leaves are edible, and if picked in spring while still young, should be used in salads.

The young leaves and flower buds, which are also edible, are known as “bread and cheese” among rural granaries.

In the southern United States, the fruits of the three native species are collectively known as mehose and are made into jellies that are considered a delicacy. The Kutai people of northwestern North America used red and black hawthorn fruit for food.

On Manitoulin Island, Ontario, some red-fruited varieties are called hawberry. During colonization, European settlers ate these fruits as a residual food supply during the winter. People born on the island are now called “Havatars”.

Close Up Of Red Common Hawthorn Fruits With Leaves, Lat. Crataegus Monogyna, Uncultivated, Taken In The Forest In Croatia Stock Photo

The fruits of Crataegus mexicana are known as tejocotes in Mexico and are eaten raw, cooked, or in jam during the winter. They are stuffed into pinatas broken during the traditional pre-Christmas celebration known as Las Posadas. They are also cooked with other fruits to prepare Christmas punch. A mixture of tejocot paste, sugar and chili powder produces a popular Mexican candy called rilitos, which is manufactured by several brands.

4 cm of the species Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn). The fruits are salty, bright red and resemble small crabapple fruits. They are used to make a variety of Chinese snacks, including haw flakes and coated in sugar syrup and served on a stick of tangulu. The fruits, called 山楂 shan zha in Chinese, are also used to make jams, jellies, juices, alcoholic beverages, and other beverages; These in turn can be used in other recipes (for example, many old recipes for Cantonese sweet and sour sauce call for shanghai jam). In South Korea, a liquor called Sansachun (산사춘) is made from the fruit.

In Iran, the fruits of Crataegus (including Crataegus azarulus var. Aronia, as well as other species) are known as zalzalak and are eaten raw as a snack, or made into a jam known by the same name.

A 2008 Cochrane Collaboration meta-analysis of previous studies concluded that there was evidence of “a significant benefit in symptom control and physical outcomes” for hawthorn extract used as an adjunct in the treatment of heart failure.

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Concluded that “Crataegus [hawthorn] preparations hold significant potential as a useful remedy in the treatment of cardiovascular disease”. The review indicated the need for further study of optimal dosages and concluded that although “many different theoretical interactions have been found between Crataegus and orthodox medicine … none have [yet] been substantiated.” has gone

Many species of hawthorn are used in traditional medicine. The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, “collectively known as Hawthorn”, not necessarily distinguishing between these species.

The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called Shan Zha in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, mainly as a digestive aid. A closely related species, Crataegus cuneta (Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese) is used in a similar way. Other species (especially Crataegus laevigata) are used in herbal medicine where the plant is believed to strengthen cardiovascular function.

The Kutai people of northwestern North America use black hawthorn fruit (Kutai language: kaǂa; approximate pronunciation: kasha) for food and red hawthorn fruit (Kutai language: ǂupǂi; approximate pronunciation: shupshi) in traditional medicine.

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Many varieties and hybrids are used as ornamental and street trees. The common hawthorn is used extensively as a hedge plant in Europe. During the British Agricultural Revolution in the eighth and ninth centuries, hawthorn seedlings were widely propagated in nurseries to create the new field boundaries required by the Enclosure Acts.

Midland Hawthorne c. Many varieties of laevigata have been selected for their pink or red flowers. Hawthorns are one of the most recommended trees for water conservation landscapes.

Hawthorn can be used as rootstock in grafting practice. It is graft-friendly with mespils (medlar) and pear, and forms a hardier rootstock than quince, but hawthorn’s thorn-sucking habit can cause problems.

Crataegus monogynae seeds are used to graft several species onto the same stem, such as pink hawthorn, pear trees and medlars, resulting in trees that bear pink and white flowers in May and fruit in summer. . “Chip budding” is also done on hawthorn trunks to keep multiple types of branches on the same tree. Such trees can be found in Vigo, Spain and the northwest of France (mainly in Brittany).

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The Scots proverb “Neer cast a cloot til may’s oat” warns not to shed any clothes (clothes) before summer has fully arrived and the mayflower (hawthorn flower) is in full bloom.

The custom of planting flowering branches for ornamental purposes on May 1 is very early, but after the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752, the tree was rarely in full bloom before the second week of that month. In the Scottish Highlands, flowers can appear as late as mid-June. The hawthorn is considered a symbol of hope, and its branches were carried by the ancient Greeks in wedding processions, and used by them to deck the altar of Hymaios. The notion that the tree was the source of Jesus’ crown of thorns no doubt gives rise to the tradition among the French peasantry (Curt as late as 1911) that it shouts and screams on Good Friday, and perhaps also to the old popular superstition in the Great. Britain and Ireland, who were unlucky, overthrew Hawthorne. Branches of Glastonbury thorn (C. monogynae ‘biflora’,

Sometimes called C. oxyacantha var. praecox), which blooms in December and spring, was formerly highly valued in Gland, as the tree was originally the staff of Joseph of Arimathea.

Traces and reinterprets many European legends and myths in which the whitethorn (hawthorn), also known as the May-tree, is citral.

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With yew and apple. It was once said to heal a broken heart. In Ireland, the red fruit is called Johnny McGory or Magory, or c.

Serbian folklore prevalent in the Balkans notes that hawthorn (Serbian глог or glog) is essential for killing vampires, and stakes used to kill them must be made from the wood of the thorn tree.

In Gaelic folklore, the hawthorn (sgitheach in Scottish Gaelic and sceach in Irish) ‘represents otherworldly communication’ and is strongly associated with fairies.

In the lore it is that much

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