Stephen Sinatra, Hawthorn Berries, Anthocyanidins, Proanthocyanidins – Written by Sharon O’Brien MS, PD Dip – Medically reviewed by Amashi Fernando, MS, RDN – Updated March 31, 2022
They are considered one of the richest sources of plant antioxidants, which are said to offer many health-promoting properties.
Stephen Sinatra, Hawthorn Berries, Anthocyanidins, Proanthocyanidins
Berries have a strong dehydrating effect, so they are often used to make juices, purees, jams, jellies, sherbets, teas, and liqueurs (
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Summary Aronia berries are small fruits that leave a dry feeling in your mouth. They are added to many foods and beverages but are also available as supplements.
Aronia berries are low in calories but pack a nutritional punch, as they are high in fiber, vitamin C and manganese.
Plus, they’re an excellent source of beneficial antioxidants, which help protect your cells from potentially harmful molecules called free radicals. Aronia berries are particularly high in anthocyanins, which give the berries their dark blue to black color.
Summary Aronia berries are packed with nutrients with minimal calories. They are a great source of fiber, vitamin C, manganese and antioxidants.
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These compounds protect your cells from damage by free radicals. A build-up of free radicals can cause oxidative stress, which can lead to chronic conditions, such as heart disease and cancer (
Aronia berries are an excellent source of polyphenols, a group of antioxidants that include phenolic acids, anthocyanins, and flavonols (
What’s more, another test tube study in which blood samples were collected from 30 healthy people found that aronia berry extract significantly reduced oxidative stress within 24 hours of antipsychotic medication.
In addition, test-tube studies have linked the antioxidants in these fruits to other impressive health benefits, such as reduced inflammation, as well as decreased growth of bacteria and colon cancer cells (
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Test tube and animal studies show that the anthocyanins in aronia berries can inhibit the growth of colon cancer cells (
A test tube study found that 50 mg of aronia extract reduced the growth of colon cancer cells by 60% after 24 hours. It is thought that the potent antioxidant activity of anthocyanins is responsible for this cancer-suppressing effect (
In one study, these extracts reduced the number of harmful superoxide free radicals in blood samples taken from women with breast cancer (
That said, current research is limited, and human studies are needed to evaluate the relationship between aronia berries and cancer protection.
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In particular, they can help people with metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions — including high cholesterol and triglyceride levels — that increase your chance of heart disease and diabetes (
A 2-month study in 38 people with metabolic syndrome found that taking 300 mg of aronia extract daily significantly reduced triglycerides, LDL (bad) cholesterol, and total cholesterol.
A similar 2-month study in 25 people with metabolic syndrome found that taking 300 mg of aronia extract daily improved the same health markers and blood pressure (
In addition, a 3-month study of 6 nursing home residents found that those who drank 3 or 5.3 ounces (89 or 156 mL) of aronia berry juice daily had a 38% and 55% reduction in urinary tract infections. % reduction has been experienced.
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Aronia berries may reduce inflammation by inhibiting the release of inflammatory substances, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-ɑ) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), which may promote immune health (
A mouse study determined that the ellagic acid and myristein in aronia berry extract could protect against the influenza virus.
Summary Aronia berries provide antioxidants. These compounds may have cancer-fighting properties and support your heart and immune health.
Keep in mind that aronia berries are very astringent. It can leave your mouth feeling dry, like sandpaper. So, you probably don’t want to eat them on their own (
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Summary Aronia berries are generally safe to eat without serious side effects. Its only downside is its harsh, mouth-drying effect.
Although you may not find aronia berries in your local grocery store, they are widely available in health food stores and online.
They are often made into juice and are an important ingredient in jams, purees, syrups, teas, and wines (
Berries can also be taken as a supplement in powder or capsule form, with serving and dosing recommendations varying from brand to brand.
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A common serving tip is to add a tablespoon of aronia berry powder to juice, yogurt, or a smoothie.
Summary Aronia berries can be easily added to many foods and beverages. They can also be purchased as a powder or capsule supplement.
You can add fresh aronia berries to many recipes, try them in juices, jams and syrups, or use them as a supplement.