Thornless Hawthorn Yellow Berries – Cockspur Hawthorn is a deciduous tree that exhibits a spectacular growth habit, umbrella shape, spring flowers, fall fruit, and brilliant orange fall color. It is very versatile in most landscape styles.
This is a natural variety of Cockspur Hawthorn without thorns on its stems. This is an easy alternative to the upright species, Crataegus crus-galli (which has thorns on its stems). You may notice some images used in both profiles. This is because the features, except for the thorn, are identical. You can see more pictures of the bark and branches with thorns in the Cockspur Hawthorn profile.
Thornless Hawthorn Yellow Berries
Hawthorn Thornless Cockspur is a broad tree with exfoliating bark. Its strong, flat branches make it a wonderful accent tree. This thorn is an excellent choice for a native garden or natural landscape. The lower branches of this tree often sweep close to the ground giving it the appearance of a large flat-topped shrub.
Washington Hawthorn (trees Of St. John Fisher College) · Inaturalist
It produces “perfect” white flowers that are followed by deep red fruit. “Perfect flowers” have male and female reproductive parts on the flower. Although monoecious plants are plants that have male and female parts. A perfect flower is an individual flower that has both male and female structures. A monoecious plant can have perfect flowers, or it can have imperfect flowers (separate male and female flowers on the same plant).
Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn is not fussy when it comes to pH, clay or salt levels. It is even drought tolerant! Being tolerant of various challenging growing conditions it is a good choice for an urban setting, plating in small groups, or as an example of a tree in a meadow or a forest garden.
Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn flowers are an important source of nectar for pollination. The dense horizontal structure is also an ideal nesting site for birds such as the Brown Thrasher and Yellow-Breasted Chat.
This tree is a larval host plant for a number of moths such as the Gray Streak, the Banded Grasshopper, the Striped Grasshopper, Red-spotted Limenitis, and the Viceroy Limenitis.
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Flowers are followed by round fruits that ripen to a deep red in autumn. These berries are a valuable food source for birds. Hawthorns can attract more than 20 species of birds and are especially favored by the Cedar Waxwing, Ruffed Grouse, and Fox Sparrow.
Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn care begins with proper placement. This tree can tolerate partial shade, but performs best in full sun. This tree has proven to be adaptable to different types of soil and is not indifferent to soil pH levels. It tolerates drought and occasional seasonal flooding as well as different soil textures such as clay or sand. It is also tolerant to clay, salt, and urban pollution which makes it especially useful when planting in cities.
This tree can be easily pruned to maintain its umbrella-like shape. It can be cut back to old wood and will rise freely. It is best to cut in the dormant season.
We invite you to check out the Arborist for Hire lookup at the Wisconsin Arborist Association website to find an ISA Certified Arborist near you.
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Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn is susceptible to Cedar-Hawthorn Rust. This is a fungal disease that causes discoloration of the leaves, fruit and new shoots. It starts on Eastern Red Cedar and Junipers then spreads to apple, crabapple, serviceberry, and hawthorn. The fungus must “move” from one type of host to another. This disease only affects the appearance of the tree and will not affect the health of the tree. You can protect trees from disease by spraying in spring and early summer with an approved fungicide. Products containing chlorothalonil and mancozeb are registered for use against cedar rust disease on thorn. This tree is also susceptible to other common ornamental diseases such as leaf spot, powdery mildew, cankers, and leaf blight.
Cedar-Hawthorn Rust is basically a cousin of Cedar-Apple Rust. Both varieties and apples are infected with the fungal disease when they are near a cedar/juniper tree, but technically the disease is not the same. They are in the same family, but not the same.
Possible insect pests include aphids, leaf miners, and scale insects, which defoliate trees. Prune severely damaged or diseased branches as needed during the dormant season.
In Latin means “cock’s foot”. This refers to the alleged resemblance of the thorns of these plants to cockspurs giving it the common name Cockspur Hawthorn.
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Hawthorn Thornless Cockspur can be planted as a small tree in the landscape. It goes well with other fruit trees such as Crabapples and Serviceberry. Chips can be sprayed into an informal hedge to block sights/sounds, or provide protection from wildlife. Other plants that go well with informal hedges/screens include Quaking Aspen, Ninebark, or Gray Dogwood. We recommend planting from time to time alongside thorn to give your hedge a more natural look. Crataegus mexicana is a species of thorn known by the common names tejocote, manzanita, tejocotera and Mexican thorn. It is native to the mountains of Mexico and parts of Guatemala, and was introduced in the Andes.
The other (and ambiguous) name manzanita means ‘little apple’ in Spanish. The geric name, Crataegus, comes from a common Greek-Latin word that literally means ‘strong sharp,’ referring to the strong wood, and the painful habitus of several species.
The plant is a large shrub or small tree that grows to 5-10 m high, with a dse crown. The leaves are semi-evergreen, oval to diamond-shaped, 4-8 cm long, with a serrated margin. The flowers are off-white, 2 cm in diameter. The fruit is a globose to orange-red oblong pome 2 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter, ripening in late winter just shortly before the next year’s flowers.
The fruit in Mexico is eaten cooked, raw, or canned. It looks like a crabapple, but there are three or sometimes more hard brown stones in the cter. It is the main ingredient used in ponche, the traditional Mexican hot fruit punch served at Christmas and New Year’s Eve. On the Day of the Dead tejocote fruits as well as candy prepared from them are used as offerings to the dead, and roses are made from the fruit as part of altar decorations. A mixture of tejocote powder, sugar, and chili produces a popular Mexican candy called rielitos, because it resembles a tiny railroad.
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Due to its high pectin content, the fruit is processed to extract pectin for food, cosmetic, medicinal and textile uses.
Other uses include fodder for livestock (for which the leaves and fruits are used) and traditional medicinal uses; an infusion of Mexican hawthorn root is used as a diuretic and a remedy for diarrhea, and a preparation based on the fruit is a remedy for coughs and various heart ailments.
The wood of the Mexican walnut tree is hard and tough, it is useful for making tool handles as well as firewood.
The name C. pubescs Steud., published in 1840, is a better known name for this species, but it is illegal under the International Code of Botanical Names. It is a later homonym of C. pubescs C.Presl published in 1826 as a species name from Sicily.Cockspur Cockspur is a flowering tree with flat branches pricked with large thorns. Thornless cockspur is an easy-to-use variety that allows gardeners to invite these North American natives into the garden without those pesky branches. For information on thornless thorn trees, including tips on how to grow thornless thorn, read on.
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) may have tracks to show for it. These dense shrubs, native to eastern Canada and the United States, bear long, sharp thorns that can draw blood.
Like the species plant, thornless cockspur thorn grows into relatively short trees with broad, rounded canopies and flat bracts. They are about 30 feet (9 m.) high and just as wide. Hawthorn trees are usually thornless with low branches with thick foliage. Sometimes they can be seen growing as large, flat-topped bushes.
Black thornless trees sport dark-green leaves during the growing season, then turn red, orange and yellow in autumn. The trees lose their leaves in the winter and they return them in the spring. White flowers that appear in early spring turn into red berries. These berries ripen in autumn. They hang on the trees well into the winter, providing desirable food for wild birds and small mammals.
If you are thinking of growing a thornless hawthorn, you will find the tree an ornamental delight in the garden. They have the distinct advantage of not being armed and dangerous, as well as the best properties of the thorn. These deciduous trees grow in US Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8.
Yellow Hawthorn Stock Photo. Image Of Concept, Pulpy
If you want to know how to grow a thornless thorn, the first thing is to plant it in a sunny place. They need six hours of sun just to thrive.
Thornless thorns are easier to care for and keep healthy if you plant them in moist, well-drained soil. They grow both in acidic and alkaline soil.
Although thornless thorn trees are drought tolerant, you can avoid any possibility by watering properly. Make some watering part of your thornless thorn tree care routine.