Tree With Orange Berries Hawthorn – Fruit of four different Crataegus species (clockwise from top left: C. coccinea, C. punctata, C. ambigua and C. douglasii)
The Mayflower, or Hawberry, is a cluster of several hundred species of shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae family,
Tree With Orange Berries Hawthorn
Native to temperate regions of the northern hemisphere in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. The name “hawthorn” was originally applied to the species native to northern Europe, especially the common hawthorn C. monogyna, and the unmodified name is often used in Britain and Ireland. The name is now used for both the rubber gus and the related Asian gus Rhaphiolepis.
Foraging 101: How To Identify And Harvest Hawthorn
The generic epithet, Crataegus, comes from the Greek kratos “strong” due to the great strength of the wood and akis “sharp”, referring to the thorns of certain species.
The name haw, originally an Old English term for a hedge (from the Anglo-Saxon hungedhorn, “a thorny few”),
With small fruits and (usually) thorny branches. The most common type of bark is smooth gray in young individuals, developing shallow longitudinal fissures with narrow ridges in older trees. Thorns are small branches with sharp tips that arise either from other branches or from the trunk and are usually 1–3 cm (1 ⁄2–1 in) long (recorded as
). Leaves grow spirally arranged on long stems and in clusters on central stems on branches or branches. The leaves of most species have lobed or toothed margins and are somewhat variable in shape. The fruit, sometimes known as a “geracina,” resembles a berry, but structurally it is a pulp containing from one to five pyres resembling the “pits” of plums, peaches, etc., which are the fruit of the same subfamily.
Bright Orange Ripe Hawthorn Berries Among Green Leaves. Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 47714097
The number of species in the gus depends on the taxonomic interpretation. Some botanists in the past recognized 1000 or more species,
Gus probably first appeared in the Eoce, with the ancestral area likely being Eastern North America and Europe, which at the time remained closely connected by the North Atlantic Bridge. The earliest known gus leaves from the Eoce of North America, with the earliest leaves from Europe being from the Oligoce.
Hawthorns provide food and shelter for many species of birds and mammals, and the flowers are important to many nectar-feeding insects. Hawthorns are also used as food plants by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species, such as the small egg moth, E. lanestris. Hawks are important for wildlife in winter, especially thrushes and waxwings. these birds eat the hawks and spread the seeds in their droppings.
The “gerayas” or fruits of the common hawthorn, C. monogyna, are edible. In the UK, they are sometimes used to make jelly or homemade wine.
Hawthorn, May, Maythorn, Whitethorn, Crataegus Monogyna/laevigata
The leaves are edible, and if picked in the spring when they are still young, there are fewer for use in salads.
The young leaves and flower buds, which are also edible, are known as “bread and cheese” in the agricultural gland.
In the southern United States, the fruits of three native species are collectively known as mayo and are made into a jelly that is considered a delicacy. The Kutai people of northwestern North America used the fruits of red and black hawthorn for food.
On Manitoulin Island, Ontario, some red-fruited species are called blackberries. During colonization, European settlers ate these fruits during the winter as their only remaining food supply. People who are born on the island are now called “gobblers”.
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The fruits of Crataegus mexicana are known in Mexico as tejocotes and are eaten raw, cooked or in jam during the winter. They are stuffed into piñatas brok during the traditional pre-Christmas celebration known as Las Posadas. They are also cooked with other fruits to make a Christmas punch. The mixture of tejocote paste, sugar and chili powder produces a popular Mexican candy called rielitos, which is made by several brands.
The 4 cm long fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn) are tart, bright red and look like small crabapples. They are used to make many kinds of Chinese snacks, including scallion flakes and topping with sugar syrup and topping a tanghulu stick. The fruit, which is called 山楂 shān zhā in Chinese, is also used to make jams, jellies, juices, spirits and other beverages. These could in turn be used in other dishes (for example, many older recipes for Cantonese sweet and sour sauce call for shānzhā jam). In South Korea, a drink called sansachun (산사춘) is made from the fruit.
In Iran, the fruits of Crataegus (including Crataegus azarolus var. aronia, as well as other species) are known as zâlzâlak and are eaten raw as a snack or made into a jam known by the same name.
A 2008 Cochrane Collaboration meta-analysis of previous studies concluded that there is evidence of “significant benefit in symptom control and physiological outcomes” for a hawthorn extract used as an adjunct in the treatment of chronic heart failure.
Decorative Hawthorn Berries In Green Garden. Bunches Of Bright Red Berries On A Tree Branch. Harvest And Healthy Agriculture Concept Stock Photo
Concluded that “Crataegus preparations have considerable potential as a useful drug for the treatment of cardiovascular disease”. The review pointed to the need for further study of best doses and concluded that although “many different theoretical interactions between Crataegus and orthodox medicines have been postulated … none have [yet] been substantiated.
Several species of hawthorn have been used in traditional medicine. The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata or related species of Crataegus, “collectively known as hawthorn”, without necessarily distinguishing between these species.
The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, mainly as a digestive aid. A closely related species, Crataegus cuneata (Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese) is used in a similar way. Other species (especially Crataegus laevigata) are used in herbal medicine where the plant is believed to enhance cardiovascular function.
The Kutai of northwestern North America used the fruits of black hawthorn (Kutai language: kaǂa, approximate pronunciation: kasha) for food and red hawthorn (Kutai language: ǂupǂi, approximate pronunciation: shupshi) in traditional medicine.
The Hawthorn: Rich With Color
Many species and hybrids are used as ornamentals and street trees. Hawthorn is widely used in Europe as a hedge plant. During the British Agricultural Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries, hawthorn seedlings were propagated en masse in nurseries to create the new field boundaries required by the inclosure laws.
Several cultivars of the Midland Hawthorn C. laevigata have been selected for their pink or red flowers. Hawthorns are among the most recommended trees for water-saving landscapes.
Hawthorn can be used as a subject in the practice of vaccination. It is compatible with grafting with Mespilus (lodge), and with pear, and makes a tougher rootstock than quince, but hawthorn’s prickly sucker can be problematic.
Seedlings of Crataegus monogyna have been used to graft multiple species onto the same trunk, such as pink hawthorn, pear, and loquat, resulting in trees that bear pink and white flowers in May and fruit in summer. “Chip Budding” has also been performed on hawthorn trunks to have branches of several varieties on the same tree. Such trees can be found in Vigo, Spain and in northwestern France (mainly Brittany).
Red Berries Of Hawthorn On A Tree In Autumn Stock Photo
The Scots saying “Ne’er cast a cloot til Mey’s oot” conveys a warning not to cast any cloots (clothes) before summer has fully arrived and the Mayflowers (hawthorn flowers) are in full bloom.
The custom of using the flowering branches for ornamental purposes on the 1st of May is of very early origin, but since the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752, the tree has rarely been in full glandular bloom before the second week of that month. In the Scottish Highlands, flowers may appear as late as mid-June. Hawthorn has been regarded as the emblem of hope, and its branches are said to have been carried by the ancient Greeks in wedding processions, and to have been used by them to adorn the altar of Hymaeus. The assumption that the tree was the source of Jesus’ crown of thorns no doubt led to the tradition among the Free Peasants (since 1911) that it utters groans and cries on Good Friday, and possibly also to the old folk superstition in Great Britain and Ireland that bad luck contributed to uprooting the hawthorns. Glastonbury thorn (C. monogyna ‘Biflora’,
Sometimes called C. oxyacantha var. praecox), which blooms both in December and in spring, was formerly highly valued in the gland, because of the foot that the tree was originally the staff of Joseph of Arimathea.
Traces and reinterprets many European feet and myths in which the white thorn (hawthorn), also called the May tree, is ctral.
Black Hawthorn (crataegus Douglasii) (conventional)
Along with holly and apple. It was once said to heal a broken heart. In Ireland, the red fruit is or was called Johnny MacGorey or Magory.
Serbian folklore spread in the Balkans notes that hawthorn (Serbian глог or glog) is necessary to kill vampires and that the stakes used to slaughter them must be made from the wood of the thorn.
In Gaelic folklore, hawthorn (in Scottish Gaelic, sgitheach and in Irish, sceach) “marks ecstasy in the other world” and is strongly associated with fairies.
They say it’s too much