What Do Hawthorn Berries In Tincture Do – Written by Ariane Lang, BSc, MBA and SaVanna Shoemaker, MS, RDN, LD — Medically reviewed by Kathy W. Warwick, R.D., CDE, Nutrition — Updated December 13, 2021
These nutrient-rich berries have a tart, tangy flavor and mild sweetness. They range in color from yellow to dark red (
What Do Hawthorn Berries In Tincture Do
For hundreds of years, people have used hawthorn berries as an herbal remedy for digestive problems, heart problems, and high blood pressure. In fact, the berry has been a key part of traditional Chinese medicine since at least 659 AD. (
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Antioxidants help neutralize unstable molecules called free radicals that can damage your body when present in high levels.
Free radicals can come from certain foods. You may also have higher levels of them as a result of exposure to environmental toxins such as air pollution and cigarette smoke (
Polyphenols are associated with numerous health benefits due to their antioxidant activity, including a reduced risk of (
Although initial research in animals and cells is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effects of hawthorn berries on disease risk.
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Summary Hawthorn berry contains plant polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties that have been linked to numerous health benefits.
Research has found that chronic inflammation is linked to many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, asthma and certain cancers.
In a study in mice with liver disease, hawthorn berry extract significantly decreased levels of inflammatory compounds, leading to reduced inflammation and liver damage.
In one study, researchers administered vitexin, a compound found in hawthorn leaves, to mice with respiratory diseases. This treatment decreased the production of molecules that trigger inflammation and reduced the response of white blood cells to inflammation (
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These promising results from animal and test-tube studies suggest that the supplement may offer anti-inflammatory benefits for humans. However, more research is needed.
Summary Hawthorn berry extract has shown anti-inflammatory potential in test tube and animal studies. Still, human research is needed.
In traditional Chinese medicine, hawthorn berries are one of the most recommended foods to help treat high blood pressure.
Animal studies show that hawthorn can act as a vasodilator, meaning it can relax constricted blood vessels, ultimately lowering blood pressure.
Glass Jar Of Hawthorn Tincture And Fresh Hawthorn Berries In The Bowl, With Green Leaves. Watercolor Hand Drawn Illustration Isolated On White Backgr Stock Photo
A 10-week study looked at the effects of taking hawthorn extract in 36 people with mildly elevated blood pressure.
The researchers found that those who took 500 mg of the extract daily had reduced diastolic blood pressure, the bottom number of a blood pressure reading.
In a 2006 study, researchers gave 1,200 mg of hawthorn extract to 79 people with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure every day for 16 weeks. People who took the extract experienced more improvements in blood pressure than those in the placebo group (
Still, more studies are needed to support these findings. It is also important to note that using an extract is not the same as eating fruit.
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Summary Some research suggests that hawthorn berries may lower blood pressure by helping to dilate blood vessels. However, further studies are needed.
Some studies indicate that hawthorn extract can improve blood cholesterol levels thanks to its flavonoid and pectin content. Pectin is a type of fiber involved in cholesterol metabolism (
Imbalanced levels of cholesterol in the blood, especially high triglycerides and low HDL (good) cholesterol, play a role in atherosclerosis, or the buildup of plaque in the blood vessels.
If plaque continues to build up, it can completely block a blood vessel, leading to a heart attack or stroke.
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In an animal study, mice that received two doses of hawthorn extract had lower total and LDL (bad) cholesterol, as well as 28-47% lower liver triglyceride levels, compared to mice that did not receive the extract
Similarly, a 6-week study in rats showed that when rats were fed hawthorn berry supplements, they significantly reduced fasting triglyceride and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels.
Finally, a 6-month study in 64 people with atherosclerosis found that taking hawthorn extract at a dose of 2.3 mg per pound (5 mg per kg) of body weight significantly reduced the thickness of harmful plaque buildup in the carotid artery .
Although this research is promising, more human studies are needed to evaluate the effect of hawthorn extract on blood cholesterol.
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Summary Animal and human research suggests that taking hawthorn extract may help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. However, more human research is needed.
People have used hawthorn berries and extracts for centuries to treat digestive problems, especially indigestion and stomach pain (
Berries contain fiber, which has been shown to aid digestion by reducing constipation and acting as a prebiotic. Prebiotics are foods that nourish and promote healthy gut bacteria, which are vital to maintaining healthy digestion.
An observational study in people with slow digestion found that each additional gram of dietary fiber people consumed was associated with a 30-minute decrease in time between bowel movements.
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Additionally, a study in rats noted that hawthorn extract dramatically reduced the intestinal transit time of food in the digestive system.
In addition, research in rodents suggests that compounds in hawthorn berries could improve the production and activity of digestive enzymes, that is, those needed for the digestion of foods rich in fat and protein.
Summary People have used hawthorn berries as a digestive aid for centuries. It can help relieve constipation and improve the production of enzymes needed to digest foods rich in fat and protein.
Hawthorn berries can help prevent premature skin aging caused by the breakdown of collagen due to excessive exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light.
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A test-tube study found that a mixture of hawthorn extract and ginseng could prevent signs of aging by inhibiting the formation of wrinkles and increasing skin moisture.
Research suggests that this effect may be due to the antioxidant content of the hawthorn berry. However, research in this area is limited and human studies are needed.
Summary Some research suggests that hawthorn berries may help reduce the signs of aging as a result of their antioxidant content.
In an older study of 264 people with anxiety, a combination of hawthorn extract, magnesium, and California poppy flower significantly reduced anxiety levels compared to a placebo. However, it is not clear what specific role hawthorn played (
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Hawthorn appears to have few side effects compared to traditional anti-anxiety medications. That’s one reason scientists continue to investigate it as a potential treatment for central nervous system disorders like anxiety and depression (
However, these studies used various types of hawthorn products, not necessarily the berry specifically. More research is needed.
If you want to try a hawthorn supplement to help manage your anxiety, be sure to stop using your current medications and be sure to discuss it with a healthcare professional first to make sure it’s safe for you.
Summary Scientists are investigating hawthorn supplements as a potential treatment for anxiety. However, right now there is not much research on them for this purpose. More studies are needed on the effects of hawthorn berry on anxiety.
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Hawthorn berry is best known for its use in traditional contexts in the treatment of heart failure, along with other traditional medicines. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump blood properly.
Multiple studies have suggested that hawthorn berries may have beneficial effects without serious adverse effects in people with heart failure.
Studies mostly show improvements in heart function and symptoms of heart failure, such as shortness of breath and fatigue (
However, some evidence suggests that hawthorn may be harmful in certain cases of heart failure. One study found that taking it along with conventional treatments increased the risk of heart failure progressing (
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Summary In some traditional medicine practices, people often take hawthorn berries along with other traditional medicines for heart failure. However, it can be harmful when combined with conventional heart failure medications.
Hawthorn berries can be hard to find in your local grocery store. However, you can find it at farmers markets and specialty health food stores.
Hawthorn berry supplements usually contain the berry along with the leaves and flowers, although some include only the leaves and flowers.
Different brands and forms of hawthorn supplements have different dosage recommendations. Typical doses are 250-500 mg three times a day. However, research has yet to determine an optimal effective dose (
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Note that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates dietary supplements such as hawthorn under a less stringent set of regulations than over-the-counter or over-the-counter medications.
Look for products that have received a seal of approval from independent organizations that evaluate the effectiveness and quality of supplements, such as the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP), NSF International, or ConsumerLab.
Summary You can eat hawthorn berries in many ways or take them as a supplement. However, appropriate doses are still undefined and further research is needed.
Not many side effects have been reported from taking hawthorn berries. Those that do exist appear to be mild to moderate.
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The most common are sweating, headaches, drowsiness, palpitations, mild rashes, agitation and gastrointestinal effects.
Although these are not life-threatening events, be sure to talk to a healthcare professional if you experience any of these symptoms.
Summary The side effects of consuming hawthorn berries tend to be mild. They often include sweating, headaches, drowsiness, palpitations, mild skin rashes, agitation, and gastrointestinal effects.
The use of medicinal herbs as an alternative treatment for various diseases is increasing