When Do Hawthorn Berries Grow – Fruits of four different species of Crataegus (clockwise from top left: C. coccinea, C. punctata, C. ambigua and C. douglasii)
Mayflower or bilberry is a group of several hundred species of shrubs and trees in the rose family.
When Do Hawthorn Berries Grow
Native of temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. The name “hawthorn” was originally applied to the species native to northern Europe, specifically the common hawthorn C. monogyna, and the unaltered name is commonly used in Britain and Ireland. The name is now also applied to the tire gus and the related Asiatic gus Rhaphiolepis.
Guide: Managing Hawthorn Around Waterways
The Geran epithet Crataegus derives from the Greek kratos “strong” because of the great strength of the wood and akis “sharp”, referring to the thorns of some species.
The name Haw, originally an Old English term for hedge (from the Anglo-Saxon term haguthorn, “a fce with thorns”),
With small pome fruit and (mostly) thorny branches. The most common type of bark is smooth gray in young individuals and develops shallow longitudinal cracks with narrow ridges in older trees. The thorns are small sharp-pointed branches, arising either from other branches or from the trunk, and are typically 1–3 cm (1 ⁄2–1 in) long (recorded as up to
). The leaves grow spirally on long stems and in clusters on spurs on branches or twigs. The leaves of most species have lobed or serrated margins and are somewhat variable in shape. The fruit, sometimes known as “Haw”, is berry-like but structurally a pome fruit with one to five stakes resembling the “stones” of plums, peaches, etc., which are drupes of the same subfamily.
Hawthorn Berries #214373
The number of species in the Gus depends on taxonomic interpretation. Some botanists recognized 1000 or more species in the past,
The Gus probably first appeared in the Eoze, with the ancestral area likely being eastern North America and Europe, which remained closely connected at the time due to the North Atlantic land bridge. The earliest known leaves of the Gus are from the Eoze of North America, with the earliest leaves from Europe being from the Oligoce.
Hawthorn provides food and shelter to many species of birds and mammals, and the flowers are important to many nectar-eating insects. Hawthorn is also used as a food plant by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species, such as B. the small eggar moth E. lanestris. Haws are important for winter wildlife, particularly thrushes and waxwings; These birds eat the haws and disperse the seeds in their droppings.
The “haws” or fruits of the common hawthorn, C. monogyna, are edible. In the UK they are sometimes used to make jelly or homemade wine.
Hawthorn Berries Three Rivers Dyed Silk
The leaves are edible, and if picked young in spring they are better suited for salads.
The young leaves and flower buds, which are also edible, are known as “bread and cheese” in rural glands.
In the southern United States, fruits from three native species are known collectively as mayhaws and are made into jellies that are considered a delicacy. The Kutai of northwestern North America used red and black hawthorn fruits as food.
On Manitoulin Island, Ontario, some red-fruited species are known as blueberries. During colonization, European settlers ate these fruits during the winter as their only remaining food source. People born on the island are now called “Haweaters”.
Medicinal Plants Hawthorn
The fruits of Crataegus mexicana are known as tejocotes in Mexico and are eaten raw, cooked, or in jam during the winter. They are stuffed into the Piñatas Brok during the traditional pre-Christmas celebration known as Las Posadas. They are also boiled with other fruits to make a Christmas punch. Mixing tejocote paste, sugar, and chilli powder makes a popular Mexican candy called rielitos, which is made by several brands.
The 4 cm large fruits of the species Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn) are tart, bright red and resemble small crab apple fruits. They’re used to make many types of Chinese snacks, including rosehip flakes, and they’re coated in sugar syrup and placed on a tanghulu stick. The fruit, called 山楂 shān zhā in Chinese, is also used to make jams, jellies, juices, liquor, and other beverages; These, in turn, could be used in other dishes (for example, many older recipes for Cantonese sweet and sour sauce call for shānzhā jam). In South Korea, a liqueur called sansachun (산사춘) is made from the fruit.
In Iran, the fruits of Crataegus (including Crataegus azarolus var. aronia, as well as other species) are known as zâlzâlak and are eaten raw as a snack or made into a jam of the same name.
A 2008 meta-analysis of previous studies by the Cochrane Collaboration concluded that there is evidence of “a significant benefit in symptom control and physiological outcomes” for a hawthorn extract used as an adjuvant in the treatment of chronic heart failure.
Common (english) Hawthorn Identification And Control: Crataegus Monogyna
Concluded that “Crataegus [hawthorn] preparations have significant potential as a useful healing agent in the treatment of cardiovascular disease”. The review indicated the need for further investigation of the best dosages and concluded that while “many different theoretical interactions between Crataegus and orthodox drugs have been postulated … none [yet] could be substantiated.
Several species of hawthorn have been used in traditional medicine. The products used are often from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related species of Crataegus, “collectively known as hawthorn,” without necessarily distinguishing between these species.
The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used primarily as a digestive aid in traditional Chinese medicine. A closely related species, Crataegus cuneata (Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese), is used in a similar way. Other species (notably Crataegus laevigata) are used in herbal medicine, where the plant is believed to enhance cardiovascular function.
The Kutai people of northwestern North America used black hawthorn (Kutai language: kaǂa; approximate pronunciation: kasha) fruit for food and red hawthorn fruit (Kutai language: ǂupǂi; approximate pronunciation: shupshi) in traditional medicine.
Yellow Hawthorn Berries Growing On Tree Stock Photo 707643334
Many species and hybrids are used as ornamental and street trees. The common hawthorn is used extensively as a hedge plant in Europe. During the British Agricultural Revolution in the eighth and ninth centuries, hawthorn seedlings were propagated en masse in nurseries to create the new field boundaries required by the Enclosure Acts.
Several cultivars of the Midland hawthorn C. laevigata were chosen for their pink or red flowers. Hawthorn is among the trees most recommended for water conservation landscapes.
Hawthorn can be used as a rootstock in grafting practice. It is graft compatible with mespilus (medlar) and with pear and makes a hardier rootstock than quince, but the hawthorn’s thorny sucking habit can be problematic.
Seedlings of Crataegus monogyna have been used to transplant multiple species onto the same stem, e.g. B. pink hawthorn, pear tree and medlar. The result is trees that bear pink and white flowers in May and fruit in summer. “Chip budding” has also been done on hawthorn logs in order to have branches of different varieties on the same tree. Such trees can be seen in Vigo, Spain, and north-western France (mainly Brittany).
Health Benefits Of Hawthorn Berry
The Scottish proverb “Ne’er cast a cloot til Mey’s oot” conveys a warning not to take off your cloots (clothes) until summer is fully arrived and the mayflowers (hawthorn blossoms) are in full bloom.
The custom of using the flowering branches for decorative purposes on May Day arose very early, but since the advent of the Gregorian calendar in 1752 the tree was rarely in full bloom before the second week of that month. In the Scottish Highlands, the flowers can only be seen in mid-June. The hawthorn is considered a symbol of hope and its branches are said to have been carried by the ancient Greeks in wedding processions and used by them to decorate the altar of Hymaios. The suggestion that the tree was the source of Jesus’ crown of thorns no doubt gave rise to the tradition of the French peasantry (currently as late as 1911) that it emits groans and cries on Good Friday, and probably to the old popular superstition in Great Britain and Ireland that had the misfortune to uproot hawthorn. Glastonbury thorn branches (C. monogyna ‘Biflora’,
Sometimes referred to as C. oxyacantha var. praecox), which flowers in both December and spring, were formerly prized in glands for the legend that the tree was originally the staff of Joseph of Arimathea.
Traces and reinterprets many European legends and myths in which the hawthorn (hawthorn), also known as the maypole, takes center stage.
Wholesale Washington Hawthorn Trees In Michigan
Along with yew and apple. It was once said to heal the broken heart. In Ireland the red fruit is or was called Johnny MacGorey or Magory.
Serbian folklore, spreading across the Balkans, states that hawthorn (Serbian глог or glog) is essential for killing vampires, and stakes used in their killing must be made from the wood of the thorn tree.
In Gaelic folklore, hawthorn (Sgitheach in Scottish Gaelic and Sceach in Irish) marks ‘the trance into the Otherworld’ and is strongly associated with the fairies.
Lore has it that it is very