Whuch Cultivar Of The Indian Hawthorn Has Edible Berries – Rhaphiolepis (/ r æ f i ˈ ɒ l ɪ p ɪ s / or / ˌ r æ f i oʊ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ s /;
) is a group of about fifty species of shrubs and small trees in the family Rosaceae, native to the warm temperate and subtropical regions of East Asia and Southeast Asia, from southern Japan, southern Korea and the south China, south to Thailand and Vietnam. In search literature, we should remember that the name is often misspelled as “Raphiolepsis”. Gus is closely related to Eriobotrya (loquats), in fact, members of the two geras have interbred; for example “Coppertone loquat” is a cross between Eriobotrya deflexa X Rhaphiolepis indica. The common name hawthorn, originally applied specifically to the related species Crataegus gus, now also appears in the common name of several species of Rhaphiolepis. For example, Rhaphiolepis indica oft is called “Indian hawthorn”, and Rhaphiolepis umbellata, “Yeddo hawthorn”.
Whuch Cultivar Of The Indian Hawthorn Has Edible Berries
Species vary in size, some reaching only 1–1.5 m (3 ft 3 in – 4 ft 11 in), while R. ferruginea can reach 10 m (33 ft). The leaves are alternate, hairy, glossy dark gray, simple, 3–9 cm (1–3 + 1 ⁄2 in) long, with serrated or serrated margins. The flowers are white or pink,
How To Grow Indian Hawthorn
1–2 cm (1 ⁄2 –3 ⁄4 in) diameter, produced in small to large apricots with a club-shaped structure. What a small pome
1–2 cm (1 ⁄2–3 ⁄4 in) diameter, dark purple to black in color, usually containing only a single seed.
Rhaphiolepis is closely related to loquats and toyon and is in the apple family along with many other commercially important fruits such as pears. Botanical research Rect has suggested that Rhaphiolepis and Eriobotrya (loquats) are fused.
The best known species is Rhaphiolepis indica (Indian hawthorn) from southern China, grown for its ornamental pink flowers and popular in bonsai culture. Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Yeddo hawthorn) from Japan and Korea has light green leaves and white flowers. It is the hardest species, tolerant of temperatures down to about -15°C (5°F).
Winter Interest With Shrubs & Vines
The fruit of some varieties is edible after cooking, and can be used to make jam, but some of the more well-known varieties yield fruit of no culinary value.
Indian Hawthorn is a staple crop in the southern United States. It is found commercially as well as in private landscapes. In addition, it is pruned into a compact hedge or shade to serve as a base for plants. It has been successfully pruned into a standard form as well as small dwarf seedlings up to 4.5 m (15 ft) tall.
The use of Rhaphiolepis in the landscape in wet areas is limited because many of its species and hybrids are susceptible to the fungal disfiguring leaf spot disease of gus tomosporium. Species and hybrids) are mainly flowering, evergreen, low-growing shrubs. With their dense growing habit, they are ideal low-maintenance plants for use in small gardens and groundcovers.
Most cultivars are 3 to 6 feet tall and about the same width. A few are large shrubs that can be trained as small trees.
Indian Hawthorn (rhaphiolepis Indica) Leaf Spot
Indian hawthorn is cultivated for its neat, restrained shape and attractive flower clusters. Fragrant, pink or white crab-like flowers bloom in clusters on the foliage mid-April to May. The bluish-black berries appear in late summer and persist through winter. . The glossy, leathery dark evergreen leaves, about 2 to 3 inches long, turn purple in winter.
Compact varieties of Indian hawthorn are suitable for use as a background shrub, while larger varieties can be used as hedges, mass plantings or screening.
Indian hawthorn is sensitive to cold damage and should be grown in reserves if grown in the upper part of South Carolina.
Plants like sun, although they will grow in partial shade. Indian hawthorn prefers moist, well-drained soil, but the perennial shrub will tolerate drought. It tolerates salt spray and sandy soils and is a good choice for coastal areas.
Washington Hawthorn Mayflower Shrub Tree Edible Fruit &
, is the most common disease of Indian hawthorn. It causes the most damage after periods of frequent rainfall in spring and autumn.
The first symptom is small, round red spots on both the upper and lower surfaces of young leaves.
These leaves open and, on severely diseased leaves, merge, forming large irregular spots. Severe infections can cause premature leaf drop.
Slow the spread of disease by placing plants at the right distance to improve air movement. Water the shrub with a drip irrigation system instead of watering with an overhead sprinkler. If using a sprinkler, water the established plants only once a week as needed throughout the growing season and water an inch at a time. Collect and remove diseased leaves that have fallen over the winter, then mulch the shrub.
Rhaphiolepis X Delacourii (indian Hawthorn, Rhaphiolepis)
Diseased shrubs can be sprayed with Daconil (chlorothalonil) starting when new leaves first appear in spring until early June. Spray every ten days in rainy spring weather, or every two weeks in dry spring weather. Additional sprays may be needed in the fall. Follow label instructions for rates and safety. See Table 1 for examples of specific brands and products.
Winter injuries became more common and quite severe during the 2014-2015 winter, where there were many Indian hawthorns in South Carolina.
Severe defoliation can occur during the summer following a severe Entomosporium leaf spot infection on Indian hawthorn (
Was killed. Plants weakened by stress from improper fertilization and irrigation, herbicide exposure, and leaf disease may be more susceptible to damage from cold weather. Check the soil in the garden bed for proper fertilization.
Crataegus Macrosperma (bigfruit Hawthorn, Fanleaf Hawthorn,, Hawthorn, Large Seeded Hawthorn, Thornapple)
This same disease also affects red-headed photinia and pears (such as Bradford pears), but can also be found on pyracantha, quince and loquat. For this reason, red-headed photinia is rarely still found for sale.
The best way to prevent leaf spot on Indian hawthorn is to plant selected disease-resistant cultivars (see below), plant them in full sun, and use drip irrigation.
This information is provided with the understanding that it is not intended to be discriminatory and does not imply endorsement of a brand name or trademark registered by Clemson University Collaborative Extension Service, nor any discrimination intended to exclude unnamed products or manufacturers. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other regions. Only use pesticides according to the directions on the label. All pesticide use recommendations are South Carolina-only and legal at the time of publication, but registration status and usage are subject to change by action by federal regulators. and state. Please follow the instructions, precautions and restrictions listed.
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Prosper Earth Kind Gardens
Plant in medium, well-drained soil and water regularly. Once established, just water regularly. Fertilize before new plants begin to grow in the spring. Prune to shape if desired after flowering.
Plant 4 to 5 feet apart in shrub and mass plantation boundaries. Spacing 3 feet apart, measured from the center of each tree when setting up the fence.
Please note: The images below are general representations of different container sizes. Actual tree size/age is an estimate and will vary based on; plant type, time of year, last pruning and many other factors.
4.5″ Pot Also Need to Know: Plant contains 4.5″ Age: ~6 months Plant Size: ~3″-6″ Pot Size: ~4.5″H x 3.75″ W Weight: 1.42 quarts
When Should You Cut Back Hawthorn Trees?
Quart Pot Also Known As: Quart Plant Age: ~1 year Old Plant Size: ~4″-8″ Pot Size: ~4.75″H x 4.5″ W Weight: 1.50 quarts
2.5 Quarts Also Need to Know: 2.5 Quart Pot Plant Age: ~1.5 years Old Plant Size: ~8″-12″ Pot Size: ~6.5″H x 6.5″ W Weight: 2.20-2.30 quarts
#1 Pot Also Know Like: #1 1 Gallon Container Plant Age: ~2 Years Old Plant Size: ~10″-14″ Pot Size: ~7″H x 7.75″W Weight: 2.26-3, 73 quarts
#2 Pot Also Know: #2 Bin 2 Gallon Plant Age: ~ 2-3 Years Plant Size: ~12″-18″ Pot Size: ~9.5″H x 9.5″ W Weight: 1.19-1.76 Gallons
Rainy Weather Brings Leaf Spot Disease
#3 Pot Also Know Like: #3 3 Gallon Bucket Plant Age: ~3-4 Years Old Plant Size: ~12″-30″ Pot Size: ~9.5″H x 11″ W Volume: 2.32-2.76 gallons
Plant Addicts guarantees your tree(s) will arrive happy and healthy, but the tree(s) are being mailed and accidents happen. If the plant is dead, has dried roots, or shipped the wrong item, simply notify Plant Addicts within 3 days of delivery. We may ask for pictures but will try to make it as easy as possible for you. Please note tree(s) with damaged branches or wilted leaves are not eligible for this guarantee. Plants