Winter King Hawthorn No Berries – The author’s hawthorn tree produces white blossoms every year. Over the past few years, it has attracted many species of warblers. Photo by Ronald Zigler
When my wife and I moved into our house in 2000 in Lansdale, Pennsylvania, she set out to create a garden that would attract birds, filled with local shrubs and plants.
Winter King Hawthorn No Berries
Later, when we needed to stop a few dead and dying trees, he looked for a tree that he thought would be the most suitable for the garden. After some research, he decided to plant a
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This type of hawthorn had a lot to recommend it. In addition to being disease-resistant, it was reportedly covered each year in masses of white flowers, followed in the fall by orange-red berries that birds eat. In addition to attracting birds, this tree was deer resistant and made a strong choice, as deer have found their way into our area.
As the tree matured and the autumn berries became abundant, we were delighted but not entirely surprised to see Cedar Waxwings and Northern Mockingbirds, sometimes joined by American Robins and Ruby-crowned Kinglets, feed on the benefits of the tree. However, what was a surprising bonus for us were the hawthorn birds that attracted every year in the middle of May, when it really turns into a mass of white flowers: the warblers.
At first, we thought that the appearance of neotropical migrants was just a fluke. After all, we live in the middle of the city, and our property is not near a park or a large forested area. However, over the course of several years, we noticed that warblers would appear unexpectedly, especially if the abundance of white flowers peaked at the right time in May. .
Naturally, we began to monitor the tree more closely, something much easier than looking for warblers in the larger parks and natural areas in our area. And since the hawthorn only grows to a height of 25 to 30 feet, it concentrates the birds in a relatively small area.
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In the past few years, we have now recorded nine warbler species in our hawthorn area: Common Yellowthroat, American Redstart, Northern Parula, and Yellow-rumped, Black-and-white, Magnolia, Nashville, Wilson’s, and Black-throated Blue Warblers.
I have noticed that individual birds seem to stay for two or three days, prompting me to do more research on this unexpected bonus from our tree. It wasn’t hard to find the answer. In a 2009 paper on
, three scientists at the Sonoran Desert Research Center and Northern Arizona University talked about a phenomenon we’re seeing in our own backyard—namely, “flower power.” Their paper was aptly titled “The power of flowers: the flowering of tree flowers as a means of addressing migratory birds.”
Summarizing their paper, researchers Laura McGrath, Charles van Riper III, and Joseph Fontaine emphasized that small tropical migratory birds such as wood-warblers cannot conserve enough energy to make their long migration without interruption without stopping every now and then for food. Therefore, they represent a clear choice for resorts that have a lot of food.
Types Of Hawthorn Trees
However, it is not always understood how birds respond when they choose one place over another. Researchers confirm that for insect migrants such as warblers, flowers, leaf shedding, and leaf loss associated with vegetation can predict the presence of herbivorous arthropods – insects from which they eat.
So it is not difficult to see the special appeal of our hawthorn tree. Its abundance of white flowers seems to be an irresistible symbol, at least to the warblers that pass by our yard. Indeed, with careful inspection, we can see small insects that warblers pick around the blossoms of the tree. For this reason, when we retire and renovate our garden elsewhere, the ‘Winter King’ hawthorn will be an addition to our garden, if one is no longer available.
Sign up for our free e-mail newsletter to get news, bird photos, trapping and ID tips, and more delivered to your inbox. (This is part of a series about plants of our area. But why the natives? The habitat becomes part of a collective effort to grow and maintain a habitat for birds and other animals.)
The Winter King green hawthorn tree (Crataegus viridis “Winter King”) is a lovely small tree for sun or shade, with flowers, berries, beautiful fall color and attractive peeling bark. It shines in winter, with its beautiful red berries, and its peeling silver-blue bark reveals cinnamon-colored bark underneath. It is covered in clusters of small white flowers now. In summer, it has healthy, glossy, medium green leaves. This is indeed a tree of the four seasons.
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Grows easily in medium, well-drained soil in full sun to shade. Its natural habitat here in southern Delaware is near stream banks and floodplains, so you can see it appreciates some moisture, but just as streams can dry out, it can tolerate some drought. It works well in any soil and does not need additional fertilizers; it is a low maintenance tree. The growth habit is dense and rounded, reaching a height of about 25 meters, with a broad, spreading, vase-shaped crown.
This is a beautiful spring flowering tree for your garden, a good choice for a difficult area. It can be a fence, too, or a screen. The evergreen plant can produce bright red berries in winter and white flowers in spring. Plant it with inkberries, or American hollies, with fothergilla, or viburnum for a seasonal display. Depending on the availability of other bird foods, the orange-red berries of this ancient tree may continue to ripen until January. Then, pull up a chair by the window and watch the chickadees, blue jays, cardinals, and cedar waxwings dig. Winter King Hawthorn (a.k.a. “Hawthorne”) is no slouch at times. In spring, clusters of white blossoms rest on the branches like freshly fallen snow, accentuating the unique horizontal branching pattern which provides a nice contrast to the upright trees in your area all year round.
This species is native to the Southwest and Southeast, where its hard, weather-resistant wood made it a good choice for fence posts in days gone by. Many birds appreciate this tree, although it allows us to enjoy the orange-red berries all winter long before they dig. Maybe they need the cold to calm them down. Some butterflies and moths raise their young on the leaves, and bees often bloom in the spring. This selection, important because of the abundance of larger than normal fruits, was discovered by the breeder Bob Simpson of Vincennes, Indiana in 1955.
Winter King Hawthorn is a hardy, drought-resistant, cold-hardy tree. Its persistent problem is the tendency to lose leaves at the end of summer due to the common disease of the leaves. Actually this is not a bad thing, however, because at that time the fruits start to ripen, and the leaves just get in the way of the show!
Pdf) The Indian Hawthorn
We do the heavy lifting. Our trees and plants are grown and cared for by the best, local growers for years before they find their forever home in your neighborhood. Bower & Branch is known for having a wide variety of hard to find, great sizes and selections. The quality of our trees and plants is consistent with health and vitality—they are always ready to make an immediate impact in your garden and curb appeal immediately. We never rush our trees to ‘grade size.’ Our trees are grown for quality, vigor, health and age.
We believe in truly empowering homeowners about strong, healthy and healthy plants planted to work in the ground after they leave the nursery to deliver at home, it’s always a new list from to the farmer.
Winter King Hawthorn does not need to be pruned and will do well in any planting area as long as it is in full sun and has well-drained soil. This hedgerow national tree even works well in the center of town. Protect the stem from damage, as fine silver bark is thin, and string trimmers can cause damage.
Water regularly after initial planting. Once established, they are more tolerant of drought conditions, reducing your responsibility for hand watering.
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In the fall, feed your Winter King Bower & Branch Elements Fertilizer once a year for about 3 or 4 years – this will give your tree all the nutrients it needs.
Winter King Hawthorn doesn’t need pruning, which is a good thing—there’s a reason it’s called Haw-THORN! If you need to prune, do so shortly after the tree has budded and proceed with caution.
Bower & Branch trees, real BIG trees, don’t fit in a box! Our large trees require professional handling and maintenance, which means our large trees are shipped by Bower & Branch trucks. We are the only ones who know how to send our big and bigger trees and plants with tender loving care.
We deliver your trees and plants directly to your driveway or truck! Ask Bower & Branch about planting services and rates – we’d be happy to help with installation.
Diseased Hawthorn Tree
*Large trees, Size XL (A) and